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Morís, Joaquín; Barberia, Itxaso; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Andrades, Ainhoa; López, Francisco J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Extinction is a very relevant learning phenomenon from a theoretical and applied point of view. One of its most relevant features is that relapse phenomena often take place once the extinction training has been completed. Accordingly, as extinction-based therapies constitute the most widespread empirically validated treatment of anxiety disorders,…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Gómez-Ariza, Carlos J.; del Prete, Francesco; Prieto del Val, Laura; Valle, Tania; Bajo, M. Teresa; Fernandez, Angel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The hypothesis that reduced accessibility to relevant information can negatively affect problem solving in a remote associate test (RAT) was tested by using, immediately before the RAT, a retrieval practice procedure to hinder access to target solutions. The results of 2 experiments clearly showed that, relative to baseline, target words that had…
Descriptors: Memory, Inhibition, Problem Solving, Creative Thinking
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Larraza, Saioa; Samuel, Arthur G.; Oñederra, Miren Lourdes – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Bilingual speakers must acquire the phonemic inventory of 2 languages and need to recognize spoken words cross-linguistically; a demanding job potentially made even more difficult due to dialectal variation, an intrinsic property of speech. The present work examines how bilinguals perceive second language (L2) accented speech and where…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Pronunciation, Semantics
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Comesaña, Montserrat; Ferré, Pilar; Romero, Joaquín; Guasch, Marc; Soares, Ana P.; García-Chico, Teófilo – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Recent research has shown that cognate word processing is modulated by variables such as degree of orthographic and phonological overlap of cognate words and task requirements in such a way that the typical preferential processing observed in the literature for cognate words relative to non-cognate words can be annulled or even reversed (Comesaña…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Phonology, Orthographic Symbols, Spanish
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Parmentier, Fabrice B. R.; Hebrero, Maria – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
It is well established that a task-irrelevant sound (deviant sound) departing from an otherwise repetitive sequence of sounds (standard sounds) elicits an involuntary capture of attention and orienting response toward the deviant stimulus, resulting in the lengthening of response times in an ongoing task. Some have argued that this type of…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Interference (Learning), Stimuli, Reaction Time
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Dias, Patricia; Villameriel, Saúl; Giezen, Marcel R.; Costello, Brendan; Carreiras, Manuel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
This study investigated whether language control during language production in bilinguals generalizes across modalities, and to what extent the language control system is shaped by competition for the same articulators. Using a cued language-switching paradigm, we investigated whether switch costs are observed when hearing signers switch between a…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), Bilingualism, Sign Language, Reaction Time
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Cobos, Pedro L.; Gutiérrez-Cobo, María J.; Morís, Joaquín; Luque, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
In our study, we tested the hypothesis that feature-based and rule-based generalization involve different types of processes that may affect each other producing different results depending on time constraints and on how generalization is measured. For this purpose, participants in our experiments learned cue-outcome relationships that followed…
Descriptors: Conflict, Generalization, Cognitive Processes, Measurement
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Gwilliams, Laura E.; Monahan, Philip J.; Samuel, Arthur G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Access to morphological structure during lexical processing has been established across a number of languages; however, it remains unclear which constituents are held as mental representations in the lexicon. The present study examined the auditory recognition of different noun types across 2 experiments. The critical manipulations were…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Grammar, Speech Communication, Word Recognition
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Corey, Joanna D.; Hayakawa, Sayuri; Foucart, Alice; Aparici, Melina; Botella, Juan; Costa, Albert; Keysar, Boaz – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Though moral intuitions and choices seem fundamental to our core being, there is surprising new evidence that people resolve moral dilemmas differently when they consider them in a foreign language (Cipolletti et al., 2016; Costa et al., 2014a; Geipel et al., 2015): People are more willing to sacrifice 1 person to save 5 when they use a foreign…
Descriptors: Moral Issues, Values, Decision Making, Emotional Response
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Afonso, Olivia; Alvarez, Carlos J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
In the present article, we report 3 experiments using the odd-man-out variant of the implicit priming paradigm, aimed at determining the role played by phonological information during the handwriting process. Participants were asked to write a small set of words learned in response to prompts. Within each block, response words could share initial…
Descriptors: Priming, Handwriting, Models, Word Recognition
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Campoy, Guillermo – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
M. G. Berman, J. Jonides, and R. L. Lewis (2009) adapted the recent-probes task to investigate the causes of forgetting in short-term memory. In 7 experiments, they studied the persistence of memory traces by assessing the level of proactive interference generated by previous-trial items over a range of intertrial intervals. None of the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Interference (Learning), Time, Intervals
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Colome, Angels; Miozzo, Michele – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2010
Whether words are or are not activated within the lexicon of the nonused language is an important question for accounts of bilingual word production. Prior studies have not led to conclusive results, either because alternative accounts could be proposed for their findings or because activation could have been artificially induced by the…
Descriptors: Interference (Language), Bilingualism, Language Usage, Vocabulary
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Ortells, Juan J.; Mari-Beffa, Paloma; Plaza-Ayllon, Vanesa – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
Participants performed a 2-choice categorization task on visible word targets that were preceded by novel (unpracticed) prime words. The prime words were presented for 33 ms and followed either immediately (Experiments 1-3) or after a variable delay (Experiments 1 and 4) by a pattern mask. Both subjective and objective measures of prime visibility…
Descriptors: Semantics, Priming, Decision Making, Classification
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Herrera, Amparo; Macizo, Pedro – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
In the present work, we conducted a series of experiments to explore the processing stages required to name numerals presented in different notations. To this end, we used the semantic blocking paradigm previously used in psycholinguist studies. We found a facilitative effect of the semantic blocked context relative to the mixed context for Arabic…
Descriptors: Evidence, Semitic Languages, Semantics, Numbers
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Dunabeitia, Jon Andoni; Carreiras, Manuel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
The relative position priming effect is a type of subset priming in which target word recognition is facilitated as a consequence of priming the word with some of its letters, maintaining their relative position (e.g., "csn" as a prime for "casino"). Five experiments were conducted to test whether vowel-only and consonant-only…
Descriptors: Priming, Cues, Vowels, Phonology
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