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Ortiz, Miriam; Folsom, Jessica S.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Greulich, Luana; Thomas-Tate, Shurita; Connor, Carol M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
This study, framed by the component model of reading (CMR), examined the relative importance of kindergarten-entry predictors of first grade reading performance. Specifically, elements within the ecological domain included dialect, maternal education, amount of preschool, and home literacy; elements within the psychological domain included…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Recognition (Achievement), Reading Achievement, Program Effectiveness
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Taylor, Jeanette – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
A risk to develop a learning disability has been shown to run in families. Having a positive family history of learning disability seems to account for mean differences in achievement outcomes (reading, math) in that children with a positive family history score significantly lower compared to their peers with no such family history. However, the…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education
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Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Reading impairment is more common in males, but the magnitude and origin of this gender difference are debated. In a large-scale study of reading impairment among 491,103 beginning second-graders, gender differences increased with greater severity of reading impairment, peaking at a ratio of 2.4:1 for a broad measure of fluency and a ratio of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Reading Difficulties, Severity (of Disability), Learning Disabilities
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Saez, Leilani; Folsom, Jessica Sidler; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The role of student attention for predicting kindergarten word reading was investigated among 432 students. Using "Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD Symptoms and Normal Behavior Rating Scale" behavior rating scores, the authors conducted an exploratory factor analysis, which yielded three distinct factors that reflected selective…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Attention Span, Phonological Awareness, Factor Analysis
Solari, Emily J.; Petscher, Yaacov; Folsom, Jessica Sidler – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014
The authors used a large data set (N = 1,011,549) to examine literacy growth over a single school year comparing general education (GenEd) students to three high-risk subgroups: English language learners (ELL), those with a specific learning disability (LD), and those identified as both LD and ELL (LD-ELL) in students in Grades 3-10. The authors…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Learning Disabilities, English Language Learners
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Lonigan, Christopher J.; Allan, Darcey M.; Goodrich, J. Marc; Farrington, Amber L.; Phillips, Beth M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Children's self-regulation, including components of executive function such as inhibitory control, is related concurrently and longitudinally with elementary school children's reading and math abilities. Although several recent studies have examined links between preschool children's self-regulation or executive function and their academic skill…
Descriptors: Spanish Speaking, Language Minorities, Preschool Children, Inhibition
Oslund, Eric L.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Deborah C.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the predictive validity of formative assessments embedded in a Tier 2 intervention curriculum for kindergarten students identified as at risk for reading difficulty. We examined when (i.e., months during the school year) measures could predict reading outcomes gathered at the end of kindergarten and whether the predictive…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Formative Evaluation, At Risk Students, Kindergarten
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Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint and unique contributions of morphological awareness and vocabulary knowledge at five reading comprehension levels in adult basic education (ABE) students. We introduce the statistical technique of multiple quantile regression, which enabled us to assess the predictive utility of morphological…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Students, Morphology (Languages), Vocabulary
Barnes, Adrienne E.; Kim, Young-Suk; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Vorstius, Christian – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The present study explored the reading skills of a sample of 48 adults enrolled in a basic education program in northern Florida, United States. Previous research has reported on reading component skills for students in adult education settings, but little is known about eye movement patterns or their relation to reading skills for this…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Reading Skills, Eye Movements, Decoding (Reading)
Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Oslund, Eric; Fogarty, Melissa; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Little, Mary E.; Rawlinson, D'Ann – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Despite the emerging evidence base on response to intervention, there is limited research regarding how to effectively use progress-monitoring data to adjust instruction for students in Tier 2 intervention. In this study, we analyzed extant data from a series of randomized experimental studies of a kindergarten supplemental reading intervention to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Kindergarten, Reading Achievement
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Farrington, Amber L.; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Children's emergent literacy skills are highly predictive of later reading abilities. To determine which children have weaker emergent literacy skills and are in need of intervention, it is necessary to assess emergent literacy skills accurately and reliably. In this study, 1,351 children were administered the "Revised Get Ready to…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Preschool Children, Reading Tests, Item Response Theory
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Little, Callie W.; Hart, Sara A.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Taylor, Jeanette – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Previous literature has indicated an important association between reading comprehension and both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and homework habits. This investigation sought to extend previous knowledge by providing information about how ADHD and homework behavior (i.e., completing homework regularly) may jointly influence…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Homework, Reading Comprehension, Correlation
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Puranik, Cynthia S.; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preschool children with language impairments (LI), a group with documented reading difficulties, also experience writing difficulties. In addition, a purpose was to examine if the writing outcomes differed when children had concomitant cognitive deficits in addition to oral language problems. A…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Oral Language, Language Impairments
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Mercer, Cecil D.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1976
Descriptors: Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Exceptional Child Research, Learning Disabilities