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Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2014
Care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRISs) have advanced and matured, a number of states and localities have undertaken evaluations to validate the systems. Such efforts stem from the desire to ensure that the system is designed and operating in the ways envisioned when the system was established. Given that a central component in a QRIS…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Program Effectiveness, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality
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Schatschneider, Christopher; Wagner, Richard K.; Hart, Sara A.; Tighe, Elizabeth L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
The present study employed data simulation techniques to investigate the 1-year stability of alternative classification schemes for identifying children with reading disabilities. Classification schemes investigated include low performance, unexpected low performance, dual-discrepancy, and a rudimentary form of constellation model of reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Disability Identification
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Wood, Carla; Fitton, Lisa; Petscher, Yaacov; Rodriguez, Estrella; Sunderman, Gretchen; Lim, Taehyeong – Grantee Submission, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of an intensive vocabulary intervention embedded in e-books on the vocabulary skills of young Spanish-English speaking English Learners (ELs) from low SES backgrounds. Methods: Children (288) in kindergarten and first grade were randomly assigned to treatment and read-only conditions. All children…
Descriptors: Books, Electronic Publishing, Vocabulary Development, Bilingual Students
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Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Reading impairment is more common in males, but the magnitude and origin of this gender difference are debated. In a large-scale study of reading impairment among 491,103 beginning second-graders, gender differences increased with greater severity of reading impairment, peaking at a ratio of 2.4:1 for a broad measure of fluency and a ratio of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Reading Difficulties, Severity (of Disability), Learning Disabilities
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Yavas, Mehmet; McLeod, Sharynne – Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 2010
Two member onset consonant clusters with /s/ as the first member (#sC onsets) behave differently from other double onset consonant clusters in English. Phonological explanations of children's consonant cluster production have been posited to predict children's speech acquisition. The aim of this study was to consider the role of the Sonority…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Processing, Speech Communication, Phonemes
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Greenfield, Daryl B. – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2019
Currently, the most widely used direct assessment of motivation orientation for preschoolers has little to no research on its reliability and validity. This study examined the test-retest reliability and concurrent and predictive validity of this direct assessment. Results highlight potential limitations of this measure in capturing motivation…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, School Readiness
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Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint and unique contributions of morphological awareness and vocabulary knowledge at five reading comprehension levels in adult basic education (ABE) students. We introduce the statistical technique of multiple quantile regression, which enabled us to assess the predictive utility of morphological…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Students, Morphology (Languages), Vocabulary
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Gathercole, Virginia C. Mueller; Stadthagen-González, Hans; Pérez-Tattam, Rocío; Yava?, Feryal – Second Language Research, 2016
This study examines possible semantic interaction in fully fluent adult simultaneous and early second language (L2) bilinguals. Monolingual and bilingual speakers of Spanish and English (n = 144) were tested for their understanding of lexical categories that differed in their two languages. Simultaneous bilinguals came from homes in which Spanish…
Descriptors: Semantics, Spanish, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
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Spencer, Mercedes; Wagner, Richard K.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Quinn, Jamie M.; Lopez, Danielle; Petscher, Yaacov – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The present study seeks to evaluate a hybrid model of identification that incorporates response to instruction and intervention (RTI) as one of the key symptoms of reading disability. The 1-year stability of alternative operational definitions of reading disability was examined in a large-scale sample of students who were followed longitudinally…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Models, Longitudinal Studies
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Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2014
The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling nine cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts:…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Hypothesis Testing, Grade 1
Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Oslund, Eric; Fogarty, Melissa; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Little, Mary E.; Rawlinson, D'Ann – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Despite the emerging evidence base on response to intervention, there is limited research regarding how to effectively use progress-monitoring data to adjust instruction for students in Tier 2 intervention. In this study, we analyzed extant data from a series of randomized experimental studies of a kindergarten supplemental reading intervention to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Kindergarten, Reading Achievement
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
"Literacy Express" is a preschool curriculum designed for three-to five-year-old children. It is structured around units on oral language, emergent literacy, basic math, science, general knowledge, and socioemotional development. It can be used in half-or full-day programs with typically developing children and children with special…
Descriptors: Preschool Curriculum, Oral Language, Emergent Literacy, Language Acquisition
Wood, Carla; Hoge, Rachel – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study aimed to describe change in dual language learners' (DLLs) morphosyntactic skills from kindergarten to first grade based on a sentence repetition task in English and Spanish. Methods: The sample included Spanish-English speaking children (n = 25). Investigators employed a repeated measures analysis of variance with one…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
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Little, Mary E.; Rawlinson, D'Ann; Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Kwok, Oi-man; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Leslie E.; Fogarty, Melissa; Oslund, Eric; Coyne, Michael D. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2012
This study compared the effects of Tier 2 reading interventions that operated in response-to-intervention contexts. Kindergarten children (N = 90) who were identified as at risk for reading difficulties were stratified by school and randomly assigned to receive (a) Early Reading Intervention (ERI; Pearson/Scott Foresman, 2004) modified in response…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Outcome Measures, Kindergarten, Response to Intervention
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Yesil-Dagli, Ummuhan – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011
The precursors of early English reading success have been widely studied for native English-speaking students, and those findings have been generalized to the English language learner (ELL) student population. However, the development of English language acquisition may be different for ELL students. The purpose of this study was to investigate…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten, Emergent Literacy
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