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Kent, Shawn C.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
The present study examined the amount, type, and quality of Tier 1 and supplemental reading instruction provided to 4th-grade struggling readers and whether specific elements of instruction predicted growth in reading skills. In all, 110 students identified as having reading difficulty who were receiving school-based reading instruction in 22…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction
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Ortiz, Miriam; Folsom, Jessica S.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Greulich, Luana; Thomas-Tate, Shurita; Connor, Carol M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
This study, framed by the component model of reading (CMR), examined the relative importance of kindergarten-entry predictors of first grade reading performance. Specifically, elements within the ecological domain included dialect, maternal education, amount of preschool, and home literacy; elements within the psychological domain included…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Recognition (Achievement), Reading Achievement, Program Effectiveness
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2014
Care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRISs) have advanced and matured, a number of states and localities have undertaken evaluations to validate the systems. Such efforts stem from the desire to ensure that the system is designed and operating in the ways envisioned when the system was established. Given that a central component in a QRIS…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Program Effectiveness, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality
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Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Folsom, Jessica S.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Wanzek, Jeanne; Greulich, Luana; Meadows, Jane; Li, Zhi; Connor, Carol M. – Exceptional Children, 2011
Many schools are implementing multitier response-to-intervention (RTI) models to reduce reading difficulties. This study was part of our larger ongoing longitudinal RTI investigation within the Florida Learning Disabilities Center grant and was conducted in 7 ethnically and socioeconomically diverse schools. We observed reading instruction in 20…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading, Reading Programs, Learning Disabilities
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Schatschneider, Christopher; Wagner, Richard K.; Hart, Sara A.; Tighe, Elizabeth L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
The present study employed data simulation techniques to investigate the 1-year stability of alternative classification schemes for identifying children with reading disabilities. Classification schemes investigated include low performance, unexpected low performance, dual-discrepancy, and a rudimentary form of constellation model of reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Disability Identification
Goldstein, Howard; Olszewski, Arnold; Haring, Christa; Greenwood, Charles R.; McCune, Luke; Carta, Judith; Atwater, Jane; Guerrero, Gabriela; Schneider, Naomi; McCarthy, Tanya; Kelley, Elizabeth S. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: Children who do not develop early literacy skills, especially phonological awareness (PA) and alphabet knowledge, prior to kindergarten are at risk for reading difficulties. We investigated a supplemental curriculum with children demonstrating delays in these skills.Method: A cluster randomized design with 104 preschool-age children in 39…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Comparative Analysis, Curriculum, Developmental Delays
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Landa, Katrina G.; Barbetta, Patricia M. – Journal of International Special Needs Education, 2017
A multiple probe across participants design was used to explore the effects of repeated readings on the reading fluency, errors, and comprehension of 4, third-to-fifth grade English language learners (ELLs) with specific learning disabilities (SLD). Also, generalization measures to untaught passages and maintenance data were collected. In…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Repetition, Reading Achievement, English Language Learners
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Park, Yujeong; Benedict, Amber E.; Brownell, Mary T. – Exceptionality, 2014
The factor structure of the CORE Phonics Survey was analyzed using a sample of 165 students in upper elementary school with specific learning disabilities. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to identify the hypothesized constructs of the CORE Phonics Survey and predictive validity of the CORE Phonics Survey to predict students' success in word…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Phonics, Reading Skills
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Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
Reading impairment is more common in males, but the magnitude and origin of this gender difference are debated. In a large-scale study of reading impairment among 491,103 beginning second-graders, gender differences increased with greater severity of reading impairment, peaking at a ratio of 2.4:1 for a broad measure of fluency and a ratio of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Reading Difficulties, Severity (of Disability), Learning Disabilities
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Saez, Leilani; Folsom, Jessica Sidler; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The role of student attention for predicting kindergarten word reading was investigated among 432 students. Using "Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD Symptoms and Normal Behavior Rating Scale" behavior rating scores, the authors conducted an exploratory factor analysis, which yielded three distinct factors that reflected selective…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Attention Span, Phonological Awareness, Factor Analysis
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov – Exceptional Children, 2014
This study used a large statewide database to examine the oral reading fluency development of second- and third-grade students with emotional disturbance or learning disabilities and their general education peers. Oral reading fluency measures were administered to 185,367 students without disabilities (general education), 2,146 students identified…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Oral Reading, Reading Skills, Emotional Disturbances
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
"Fast ForWord"[R] is a computer-based reading program intended to help students develop and strengthen the cognitive skills necessary for successful reading and learning. The program, which is designed to be used 30-100 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 4-16 weeks, includes three series. The "Fast ForWord[R] Language" series…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Computer Assisted Instruction, Beginning Reading, Alphabets
Oslund, Eric L.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Deborah C.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the predictive validity of formative assessments embedded in a Tier 2 intervention curriculum for kindergarten students identified as at risk for reading difficulty. We examined when (i.e., months during the school year) measures could predict reading outcomes gathered at the end of kindergarten and whether the predictive…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Formative Evaluation, At Risk Students, Kindergarten
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Spencer, Mercedes; Wagner, Richard K.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Quinn, Jamie M.; Lopez, Danielle; Petscher, Yaacov – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The present study seeks to evaluate a hybrid model of identification that incorporates response to instruction and intervention (RTI) as one of the key symptoms of reading disability. The 1-year stability of alternative operational definitions of reading disability was examined in a large-scale sample of students who were followed longitudinally…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Models, Longitudinal Studies
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Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2014
The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling nine cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts:…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Hypothesis Testing, Grade 1
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