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Marr, John P. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
Professional development has been a focus of public education since World War II, yet, it was not until the passage of the Goals 2000: Educate America Act in 1994 that professional development became federally mandated. The infusion of educational technology at the start of Goals 2000 created a natural connection with professional development. In…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, War, Active Learning, Educational Technology
Nelson, Jonathan Leon – ProQuest LLC, 2017
In 1993, Congress passed the mandate "Goals 2000: Educate America Act," which established standards for K-12 education that outlined the core benchmarks of student achievement for individuals who have mastered the core curricula required to earn a high school diploma (Mark, 1995). Unfortunately, these curricular requirements did not…
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Educational Change
Basye, Cynthia – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Instructional time for social studies in elementary classrooms has decreased since the passage of Goals 2000 and No Child Left Behind, with content contracted to align with reading goals. Consequently, opportunities for preservice teachers to observe and teach social studies lessons have diminished. This qualitative multiple case study examines…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Preservice Teachers, Decision Making, Elementary Education
Devney, Rik – ProQuest LLC, 2017
The potential of our nation is hinged upon the strength of our educational system across all 50 states. Public education is the backbone of our country and continues to be a spotlight of focus for many. In 1983, President Ronald Reagan shared the "Nation at Risk" report, based on the findings from the National Commission on Excellence in…
Descriptors: Teacher Persistence, Elementary School Teachers, Qualitative Research, Inquiry
Baker, Rebekah A. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Parental involvement in education has long been recognized as an important indicator of student academic achievement. Teachers, administrators, policy makers, and our state and federal government continue to recognize the vital role of the parent in education. Policies and mandates, with titles such as "No Child Left Behind" and…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Elementary Education, School Choice, Academic Achievement
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Kenney, Marianne – Social Studies, 2004
Much like the cycles and rhythms of the seasons, implementation of the national geography standards in Colorado has, over the course of a decade, grown, developed, and changed. As with the exciting beginning of spring, our time of planting was set in motion in 1993 by the passage of Colorado House Bill 1313, which set a deadline for school…
Descriptors: Geography, Educational Change, Curriculum Development, School Districts
Rebell, Michael A. – Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2011
Raising academic standards and eliminating achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students are America's prime national educational goals. Current federal and state policies, however, largely ignore the fact that the childhood poverty rate in the United States is 21%, the highest in the industrialized world, and that poverty…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Low Income Students, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection
Edwards, Diane – 2000
The U.S. Department of Education recently identified five essential components for excellence in early childhood teacher preparation programs. This dissertation proposal outlines a study to examine the 41 two- and four-year early childhood teacher preparatory institutions in Massachusetts, using these 5 "essentials for excellence." Those…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Higher Education, Models
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Welner, Kevin – Review of Research in Education, 2010
The call for American students to meet world-class standards in the federal Goals 2000: Education America Act (1994) and No Child Left Behind legislation, as well as state standards and accountability legislation, has been explicitly inclusive: All students must be held to these high standards. Litigation offers the potential to leverage…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, State Standards, Academic Standards, Court Litigation
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Hatfield, Thomas A. – Arts Education Policy Review, 2007
In the past decade of educational reform, there has been one astounding accomplishment: The federal and state governments and the private sector have recommended and adopted policies to advance the visual and performing arts as essential to a comprehensive education. The goals created by the president and the governors of all 50 states for…
Descriptors: Art Education, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Academic Standards
Shore, Rebecca A. – School Administrator, 2009
Within America's school systems, sometime between kindergarten and secondary education, a wide variation appears among the achievement levels of different children. The learning gap between high-achieving high schoolers and dropouts is certainly no secret to educators. Huge sums of federal funds and foundation support have been injected into K-12…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Dropouts, High Achievement
Vinovskis, Maris – Teachers College Press, 2008
Distinguished historian and policy analyst Maris Vinovskis examines federal K-12 education policies, beginning with the publication of "A Nation at Risk" and focusing on the National Education Goals, America 2000, Goals 2000, and No Child Left Behind. In addition to discussing key policy debates, he also addresses the practical aspects…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Public Policy
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Dale, Jack D. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 1997
Continual additions of discrete educational programs are ineffective and deleterious to the educational system. The New American Schools Development Corporation and Goals 2000 are examples of systemic school-improvement initiatives. A new paradigm based on lifelong learning and individual and team growth is essential. A learning organization must…
Descriptors: Chaos Theory, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Development
Chow, Stanley; And Others – 1994
The standards-driven approach to school reform, exemplified by Goals 2000, shows promise for unifying contemporary efforts by affecting change at the classroom, school, and community levels. The special aspects of the rural context, particularly distance and low population density, set it apart from the urban and suburban schools on which most…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Community Cooperation, Consortia, Educational Change
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Smith, Marshall S.; And Others – Educational Leadership, 1991
In developing a national curriculum, ways must be found to challenge students and teachers, preserve initiative, and maintain democratic control. President Bush's New American Achievement Tests will consist of a system of examinations to be administered by individual states or clusters of states. Conversion should embody a grand,…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Democratic Values, Government School Relationship, National Competency Tests
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