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Wilkinson, Louise Cherry – 1986
This paper provides an overview of research and theory on within-class grouping for instruction, including how groups are formed and managed, how students interact in groups, and how grouping affects students' achievement, with particular concern for low-achieving students served by Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvements Act of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Federal Programs, Grouping (Instructional Purposes)
Dimino, Joseph; Kolar, Christine – 1990
A 9-day study based on the framing strategy investigated the effects of using frames on low-performing students' (learning disabled or Chapter 1) comprehension of social studies text. Subjects were 14 fifth-graders from a large urban school district who were reading at least one year below grade level. All lessons were designed to involve students…
Descriptors: Content Area Reading, Cooperative Learning, High Risk Students, Instructional Effectiveness
Brophy, Jere – 1986
This paper reviews research on school effects and teacher effects on student achievement. In general, academic learning is influenced by the amount of time that students spend engaged in appropriate academic activities. Students learn more efficiently when their teachers instruct them actively by structuring new information and helping them relate…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Educational Environment, Educational Quality
Seda, Ileana – 1989
A study was conducted concerning the reduced and limited curricula which tests may represent. Observations were made at 18 different elementary and middle school classrooms in four school districts in central Pennsylvania during the language arts instructional period. All of the teachers were involved in promoting a holistic approach to literacy.…
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Curriculum, Curriculum Research, Elementary Education
Higashino, Fukue S. – 1985
In 1981, when Chapter 1 replaced Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I and with the advent of the effective schools movement, the Hawaii state administrators of Chapter 1 made a long term commitment to program improvement, especially in the area of instruction and quality delivery of services to the target students. In this program…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Classroom Observation Techniques, Compensatory Education, Elementary Education
Bock, Joan – 1989
A study investigated how second-grade learners, identified as less proficient, continued their literacy learning in a whole language classroom. Subjects, six second-grade Chapter 1 students, were observed during independent reading time twice per week over a period of 8 months. Additional data collection procedures included participant…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Case Studies, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research
Holley, Freda M. – 1986
This reaction paper presented at a conference on compensatory education begins with reviews of three studies prepared for the program and staffing session of the conference and dealing respectively with student-to-instructor ratios, instructional setting, and summer programs. The paper then presents the view that huge gains in achievement will not…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Cognitive Development, Compensatory Education
Allington, Richard; And Others – 1985
A study was conducted to provide preliminary information on the nature of remedial reading instruction. Specifically, the study examined the focus of remedial instruction and the relationships of this instruction to the classroom reading program. In addition, it gathered data on what instructional activities remedial students missed when they left…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, Program Content
Yap, Kim Onn – 1986
Program improvement activities can be classified into four categories based on the source of the impetus and the locus of the change agent: systematic, symbolic, opportunistic, and pragmatic. This paper (1) describes the various approaches to implementing Chapter 1 program improvement activities at the state and local district levels in 13 western…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Consultants, Consultation Programs
Peterson, Paul E.; And Others – 1987
Over time, compensatory education has become an increasingly institutionalized and effective Federal program, characterized by the following: (1) cooperation; (2) mutual accommodation on the part of national, state, and local officials; (3) ready acquiescence to Federal guidelines at the state and local level; and (4) shared responsibility among…
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Compensatory Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educationally Disadvantaged
Hayes, Mary E. – 1996
A study investigated transition to the location of remedial instruction, repeated use of drills, and regular class management activities as they occurred in the Accelerated Literacy Learning (ALL) model, an early intervention program for at-risk students. Qualitative and quantitative investigation of the small-group, second-grade, in-class ALL…
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Compensatory Education
Guthrie, Larry F. – 1989
The single greatest issue facing American education today is how to improve the education of low achievers and other students at risk of school failure. Currently, elementary school students who have fallen behind academically are placed into special classes designed to eliminate those deficiencies. Students meet in a small group with either a…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Dropout Prevention, Educational Strategies, Elementary Education
Calfee, Robert – 1986
This paper discusses the concept of literacy and proposes several theses with regard to the difficulty experienced by youngsters from disadvantaged backgrounds in acquiring literacy in present-day school environments. It recommends studies to explore the funding of programs designed to improve schools as educational organizations, rather than…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Curriculum Development, Disadvantaged, Economic Factors
Bushner, Diane E. – 1982
The change from the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation Act raises issues concerning reading programs covered by the act. The purpose of both laws is to meet the special needs of educationally deprived children. The laws are similar in that they (1) promote teacher and parent involvement; (2) contain…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
Ford, Michael P. – 1990
A graduate reading course provided students a hands-on experience in using dialog journals with elementary school children to illustrate the value of integrating writing opportunities into reading programs. Every week of the semester reading methods students read, responded, and returned the journals to the cooperating elementary classes. Only…
Descriptors: Dialog Journals, Elementary Education, Higher Education, Interschool Communication
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