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Wilkinson, Louise Cherry – 1986
This paper provides an overview of research and theory on within-class grouping for instruction, including how groups are formed and managed, how students interact in groups, and how grouping affects students' achievement, with particular concern for low-achieving students served by Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvements Act of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Federal Programs, Grouping (Instructional Purposes)
Brophy, Jere – 1986
This paper reviews research on school effects and teacher effects on student achievement. In general, academic learning is influenced by the amount of time that students spend engaged in appropriate academic activities. Students learn more efficiently when their teachers instruct them actively by structuring new information and helping them relate…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Educational Environment, Educational Quality
Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools, Baltimore, MD. – 1987
If schools improved the academic performance of at-risk students beginning in the early years and continuing through the elementary grades, this improvement would have multiple positive effects on student dropout, delinquency, pregnancy, substance abuse, and other behaviors. Early improvement of poor academic performance could greatly alleviate…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Cooperative Learning, Early Intervention
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Becker, Henry Jay – 1990
This paper reviews evaluation reports on the use of integrated learning systems (ILSs) in elementary and middle schools throughout the United States in light of the following questions: Do these systems work? Do students make more progress using an ILS than learning in "traditional" ways? Could the cost of software and equipment be…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Compensatory Education, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Managed Instruction
Peterson, Paul E.; And Others – 1987
Over time, compensatory education has become an increasingly institutionalized and effective Federal program, characterized by the following: (1) cooperation; (2) mutual accommodation on the part of national, state, and local officials; (3) ready acquiescence to Federal guidelines at the state and local level; and (4) shared responsibility among…
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Compensatory Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educationally Disadvantaged
Calfee, Robert – 1986
This paper discusses the concept of literacy and proposes several theses with regard to the difficulty experienced by youngsters from disadvantaged backgrounds in acquiring literacy in present-day school environments. It recommends studies to explore the funding of programs designed to improve schools as educational organizations, rather than…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Curriculum Development, Disadvantaged, Economic Factors
Riddle, Wayne – 1992
The Chapter 1 program provides aid to local education agencies (LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. This review of background and issues involved in the reauthorization of Chapter 1 covers funding and participation trends, features of the program, selection for participation, fiscal issues, and program improvement. A key concern is…
Descriptors: Accountability, Admission Criteria, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth
Riddle, Wayne – 1992
This review of the key issues likely to surround the reauthorization of Chapter 1 covers allocation formulas, selection of schools and students, fiscal issues, and accountability. As Chapter 1 is the largest federal elementary and secondary education program, with appropriations of over $6.1 billion in fiscal year 1993, a concern of…
Descriptors: Accountability, Admission Criteria, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth
Saurino, Dan R.; Saurino, Penelope L. – 1994
This case study provides a practical example of collaborative action research at work in a classroom setting, and illustrates how collaborative action research can be used to help teachers answer questions about their own practice and professional development. Following a review of the available research and historical foundations for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Action Research, Alternative Assessment, Case Studies
Allington, Richard L.; Johnston, Peter – 1986
Little coordination exists among the various federal, state, and local initiatives for educational intervention programs for specially targeted populations. This paper discusses issues involved in the development of coordinated educational programs for disadvantaged pupils, with particular reference to Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Cooperative Planning, Cooperative Programs, Coordination
Cooper, Harris M. – 1986
This paper examines the research on how student-to-instructor ratio effects influence schooling, with particular attention to how the research relates to low-achieving children. It also summarizes the conclusions of several existing reviews of literature on: the effects on schooling outcomes of class or instructional group size; and scheduled,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Class Size, Compensatory Education, Educationally Disadvantaged
Thompson, Linda W. – 1988
A summary of the research on adult literacy indicated factors which make an effective program: recruitment of students centered on personal contacts, individual intake conferences, and sensitive and compassionate teachers with high morale about the program. A summary of the research in preschool literacy programs stressed that factors associated…
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Family Involvement, Family Literacy, Intergenerational Programs
Legters, Nettie; Slavin, Robert E. – 1992
This paper offers a background of information on children in elementary school in the 1990s and on likely trends in the near future. It focuses particularly on issues relating to students who are at risk for school failure. One section identifies various risk factors that students face when they enter school and estimates the numbers of at-risk…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Curriculum Design, Demography
Anstrom, Kris – Directions in Language and Education, 1995
This report summarizes the results and impact of Title I and Chapter I reforms. In 1992-93, elementary and secondary students (n=6,403,054) participated in Chapter I in the United States; 17 percent of this population was limited English proficient (LEP). Although the program has helped many, educators and researchers have questioned the…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Ethnic Groups
Archambault, Francis X., Jr. – 1987
A review of the literature on compensatory education programs was conducted to determine the effects of their following design features: (1) instructional setting; (2) class size; (3) ability grouping; and (4) various types of instructors. Remedial instruction in reading, language arts, and mathematics for elementary school students was…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Basic Skills, Class Size, Classroom Environment