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Thomas, Beth A. – Arts Education Policy Review, 2017
In 1968 the Bilingual Education Act marked the first comprehensive federal intervention in the schooling of language minoritized students by creating financial incentives for bilingual education in an effort to address social and educational inequities created by poverty and linguistic isolation in schools. Since that time federal education…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Visual Arts, Bilingualism
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Duszynski, Ramzia; Jonak, Jolanta; Garjaka, Karla; Jankowska, Anna M. – School Psychology Forum, 2015
Children adopted from foreign countries, especially those who were in an orphanage, may experience greater difficulties than culturally or linguistically diverse children who do not come from such a background. Delays in learning language and, consequently, slower cognitive and social development, can undermine the academic success of these…
Descriptors: Adoption, Child Development, Achievement Gap, At Risk Students
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Lee, Jin Sook; Wright, Wayne E. – Review of Research in Education, 2014
Language and cultural preservation efforts among different communities of language speakers in the United States have received increasing attention as interest in linguistic rights and globalization continues to deepen. In addition to mounting evidence of the cognitive, psychological, and academic benefits of heritage language/community language…
Descriptors: Heritage Education, Language Maintenance, Cultural Maintenance, Civil Rights
Pompa, Delia; Park, Maki; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2017
Enactment of the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA) in 2015 introduced opportunities to use federal funds to strengthen the early childhood education and care (ECEC) workforce as a means of better meeting the needs of the growing and increasingly diverse young child population. Children under the age of 5 who have at least one parent or…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students
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Sinclair, Jeanne – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2018
The U.S. Bilingual Education Act (BEA) of 1968 was born of grassroots efforts by linguistically diverse communities and their allies. Advocates' goal was to achieve self-determination in the education system and beyond. However, the BEA was implemented as a title under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which mandated annual program…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Legislation, Second Language Learning, Program Evaluation
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De La Trinidad, Maritza – History of Education, 2015
This essay traces the bilingual education movement that began in Tucson through the efforts of local teachers, university faculty and educational leaders. It is argued that Mexican Americans and their allies played a crucial role in promoting the merits of bilingual education at the local, state and national levels. Their advocacy of…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Culturally Relevant Education, Bilingual Education, Advocacy
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López, Francesca; McEneaney, Elizabeth; Nieswandt, Martina – American Journal of Education, 2015
Little research currently examines language instruction educational programs (LIEPs) in states with a more recent growth of the Latino English learner population. To meet this need, the authors examined the content each of the state LIEPs, focusing chiefly on the extent to which the types of language support, as well as the stipulations associated…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs, Bilingual Education Programs
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Mavrogordato, Madeline – Peabody Journal of Education, 2012
Sixty years ago, federal guidelines regarding the instruction of special populations in American public schools were nonexistent. Racial minorities, language minorities, women, the poor, and those with physical and mental disabilities had not been identified as groups that needed special protections. Much has changed since then. Federal…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Language Minorities, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
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García, Ofelia – Journal of Multilingual Education Research, 2010
This article traces the ways in which New York City schools have responded to the multilingualism of its children in the last forty years. I review here the past to construct the future--the future of the past. I argue that in the predominantly Puerto Rican community of the 1960s and 1970s a simple approach toward languages and bilingualism in…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Futures (of Society), Language Minorities
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Sung, Kenzo K. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2017
Derrick Bell's interest convergence thesis is a seminal framework to analyze social change within critical race theory. While interest convergence's influence has grown, two foundational questions have been raised: do interest groups act rationally; does interest convergence also offer a change prescription or only an explanation of prior events.…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Racial Bias, Poverty, Bilingual Education
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Johnson, Fern L. – Language, Culture and Curriculum, 2012
The focus of this paper is on US language policy statements that govern the priorities for teaching languages other than English in public schools and the language ideologies implied by specific management moves by the federal government to regulate language education, starting with the Bilingual Education Act (BEA) of 1968. Following introductory…
Descriptors: Language Planning, National Security, Federal Legislation, Bilingual Education
Rosier, Paul; Farella, Merilyn – 1977
During the 1976-77 academic year the Ganado (Arizona) Title VII Bilingual Education Project operated within a Cooperative Teaching Model based on language roles. Each teacher was assigned a role based on language responsibility: English language teachers concentrated on teaching English as a second language, while Navajo language teachers taught…
Descriptors: Achievement, American Indian Education, American Indian Languages, Bilingual Education
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Saldana, Lilliana P. – Journal of the Association of Mexican American Educators, 2013
Relying on life history and memory as methodology, this essay unearths the memories of schooling of five Mexican American teachers at a dual-language school in San Antonio, locating their memories of trauma within the history of language oppression and cultural exclusion in U.S. public schools. In re(membering) their schooling experiences as…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Equal Education, Educational Experience, Professional Identity
Harrison, Helene W. – 1974
The program covers two public school districts, Harlandale and San Marcos, and Southwest Texas State University. This report, however, deals only with the San Marcos Bilingual Education Program, which provides bilingual education for pupils in grades K-5 who have limited English speaking ability. Due to parental requests, 19% monolingual English…
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Community Involvement
Harrison, Helene W. – 1974
The program covers two Texas public school districts, Harlandale and San Marcos, and Southwest Texas State University. This report, however, deals only with the Harlandale Bilingual Education Program, which provides bilingual education for pupils in grades K-5 who have limited English speaking ability. Objectives are: to reduce their educational…
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Community Involvement, Cooperative Programs
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