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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros Fatima – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between elementary classroom (N = 50) reading activities in Year 1 and reading performance (i.e., passage comprehension, letter-word identification, and word attack) 1 year later for English language learners (ELLs; N = 270). A cross-classification hierarchical model indicated that compared to other reading…
Descriptors: Reading Assignments, English Language Learners, Reading Achievement, Predictor Variables
Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Catherine M.; Orosco, Michael J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
This study investigated the role of strategy instruction and working memory capacity (WMC) on word problem solving accuracy in children with (n = 100) and without (n = 92) math difficulties (MD). Within classrooms, children in Grades 2 and 3 were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions: verbal-only strategies (e.g., underlining…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Learning Strategies, Short Term Memory, Problem Solving
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Lussier, Cathy M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
This study explores the cognitive basis of reading disabilities (RDs) in Spanish-speaking children who are learning English as a second language. Children (N = 393) designated as English language learners (ELLs) or bilingual with and without RDs in Grades 1, 2, and 3 were administered a battery of cognitive (short-term memory, working memory,…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Second Language Learning, Language Acquisition, Bilingualism
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Swanson, H. Lee; Kudo, Milagros; Guzman-Orth, Danielle – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
This study investigated the prevalence and stability of latent classes at risk for reading disabilities (RD) in elementary-aged children whose first language is Spanish. To this end, children (N = 489) in Grades 1, 2, and 3 at Wave 1 were administered a battery of reading, vocabulary, and cognitive measures (short-term memory [STM], working memory…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber S.; Bocian, Kathleen; Lussier, Cathy; Zheng, Xinhua – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2013
This study investigated the role of generative strategies and working memory capacity on word problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD). Within classrooms, children in Grade 3 with MD ("n" = 69) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: paraphrase question propositions (Restate), paraphrase…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Learning Strategies, Comprehension, Short Term Memory
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Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber; Lussier, Cathy; Fung, Wenson – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of explicit, direct, and generative strategy training and working memory capacity (WMC) on mathematical word problem-solving accuracy in elementary schoolchildren. In this study, children in third grade ("N" = 82) identified as at risk for math difficulties (MD) were randomly…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Lussier, Cathy – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Recent intervention studies directed to improve problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD) have found support for teaching cognitive strategies. This study addresses the question: What role does working memory capacity (WMC) play in strategy outcomes for children with MD? Four prediction models can be applied to strategy…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Learning Problems
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Swanson, H. Lee; Olide, Andres F.; Kong, Jennifer E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This study investigated whether a latent class of children with math difficulties (MD) or math learning disabilities (MLD) emerged within a heterogeneous sample of learners. A latent class analysis was computed on children (N = 447) in Grade 3 who were administered a battery of math, reading, and cognitive measures. The analysis yielded four…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Learning Disabilities, Short Term Memory, Low Achievement
Taymans, Juliana M.; Swanson, H. Lee; Schwarz, Robin L.; Gregg, Noel; Hock, Michael; Gerber, Paul J. – National Institute for Literacy, 2009
Findings from "Learning to Achieve: A Review of the Research Literature on Serving Adults With Learning Disabilities" will inform a new professional development program to be offered to practitioners and others working with adults with learning disabilities (LD). The six topics covered in the review--assessment, English language learners,…
Descriptors: Adults, Learning Disabilities, Literature Reviews, English (Second Language)
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Swanson, H. Lee; Kong, Jennifer; Petcu, Stefania – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine those components of working memory (WM) that play a significant role in predicting math growth in children who are English language learners (N = 157) with serious math difficulties (MD). Method: A battery of tests was administered in English and Spanish that assessed computation, reading,…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Skills, Prediction
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Cognitive strategies are important tools for children with math difficulties (MD) in learning to solve word problems. The effectiveness of strategy training, however, depends on working memory capacity (WMC). Thus, children with MD but with relatively higher WMC are more likely to benefit from strategy training, whereas children with lower WMC may…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes, Learning Problems, Mathematics Instruction
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Johnson, Evelyn S.; Humphrey, Michael; Mellard, Daryl F.; Woods, Kari; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2010
Many practitioners and state education agency staff would likely agree that the accuracy and consistency of specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility decisions is in need of improvement. One component of the SLD definition particularly controversial in the identification procedures is the evaluation of cognitive processes, primarily due to a…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Eligibility, Disability Identification, Cognitive Processes
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
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Swanson, H. Lee – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
The purpose of this cohort sequential study was to extend previously reported latent transition analyses conducted by Swanson, Kudo, and Guzman-Orth (2016) by determining the role of cognitive measures in identifying English learners (EL) at risk for late emerging reading disabilities (LERD). To this end, EL students (N = 450) in Grades 1, 2, and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Cathy; Orosco, Michael – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2013
This study investigated the role of strategy instruction and cognitive abilities on word problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD). Elementary school children (N = 120) with and without MD were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions: general-heuristic (e.g., underline question sentence), visual-schematic presentation…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Cognitive Ability, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills
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