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Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve; Aitken, A. Angelique; Barkel, Ashley; Houston, Julia; Ray, Amber – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Students with disabilities often find writing extremely challenging (Harris & Graham, 2016). Special educators can, however, promote tremendous gains in students' ability to write by understanding common challenges students face and mastering specific teaching techniques. Students' writing success depends on reducing how much attention and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Reading Instruction, Writing Instruction, Spelling
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Graham, Steve; Hall, Tracey E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
In today's world, writing is an essential skill. At school, writing is often used to gauge students' understanding of content material as well as to promote the learning of it. Students with learning disabilities (LD) and those at risk for writing difficulties experience considerable difficulty with almost every aspect of writing. The field of LD…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Evidence Based Practice
Santangelo, Tanya; Graham, Steve – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
The ability to write effectively and use writing as a tool for learning is essential for students' success in the middle grades--and beyond. This practice guide highlights several research-based practices that can be used school-wide to help middle grades students become better writers. This paper presents four questions middle grades educators…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Intervention, Middle School Students, Writing Skills
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Graham, Steve; Collins, Alyson A.; Rigby-Wills, Hope – Exceptional Children, 2017
There is a general consensus that writing is a challenging task for students with learning disabilities (LD). To identify more precisely the extent and depth of the challenges that these students experience with writing, the authors conducted a meta-analysis comparing the writing performance of students with LD to their typically achieving peers.…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Writing (Composition), Meta Analysis, Effect Size
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Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve; Gillespie, Amy – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
This study examined whether discourse and topic knowledge separately predicted the overall quality and the inclusion of basic genre elements in 5th grade students' stories, persuasive papers, and informational text once the other type of knowledge as well as topic interest, spelling, handwriting fluency, length of text, and gender were controlled.…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Predictor Variables
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Ray, Amber B.; Graham, Steve; Houston, Julia D.; Harris, Karen R. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016
A random sample of middle school teachers (grades 6-9) from across the United States was surveyed about their use of writing to support students' learning. The selection process was stratified so there were an equal number of English language arts, social studies, and science teachers. More than one-half of the teachers reported applying 15 or…
Descriptors: Middle School Teachers, Teacher Surveys, Writing (Composition), Teaching Methods
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Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Annals of Dyslexia, 2013
By the upper elementary grades, writing becomes an essential tool both for learning and for showing what you know. Students who struggle significantly with writing are at a terrible disadvantage. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress indicate that only 25% of students can be classified as competent writers; students with…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Writing (Composition), Writing Processes, Writing Ability
Graham, Steve; Perin, Dolores – Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007
This report offers a number of specific teaching techniques that research suggests will help 4th- to 12th-grade students in this nation's schools. The report focuses on all students, not just those who display writing difficulties, although this latter group is deservedly the focus of much attention. The premise of this report is that all students…
Descriptors: Transformational Generative Grammar, Writing Assignments, Writing Difficulties, Sentences
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Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve; Friedlander, Barbara; Laud, Leslie – Reading Teacher, 2013
Learning to write is critical in today's world, yet many students are not developing the writing abilities they need to use writing as a powerful tool for learning and for showing what they know. Research indicates that failure to acquire strong writing abilities restricts opportunities for both post-secondary education and employment. This…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Teaching Methods, Writing Strategies, Academic Standards
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Little, M. Annette; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve; Story, Mary; Sandmel, Karin – Behavioral Disorders, 2010
The present study replicates and extends previous research regarding the effects of self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) within a school wide positive behavior support model among students with writing difficulties who also had either internalizing or externalizing behavior patterns. Two multiple-probe designs, involving 13 second-grade…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Modification, Rating Scales
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Graham, Steve; Fishman, Evan J.; Reid, Robert; Hebert, Michael – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2016
Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) frequently experience significant difficulty mastering basic academic skills. This meta-analysis focuses on one specific potential area of learning difficulties for these students: namely, writing. To identify the extent and depth of the potential writing challenges faced by students…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Meta Analysis, Academic Ability
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Cutler, Laura; Graham, Steve – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
A random sample of primary grade teachers (N = 178; 97% female) from across the United States was surveyed about their classroom instructional practices in writing. Most of the participating teachers (72%) took an eclectic approach to writing instruction, combining elements from the 2 most common methods for teaching writing: process writing and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Primary Education, Writing Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Harris, Karen; Graham, Steve; Driscoll, Steven; Sandmel, Karin; Morphy, Paul; Hebert, Michael; House, Emily; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
We examined the extent to which strategies instruction, using the Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD) model, would enhance the writing, engagement during writing, and behavior of 44 second-grade students identified as having behavioral and writing difficulties. This study occurred within a comprehensive, integrated, three-tiered model of…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Writing Difficulties, Writing (Composition), Intervention
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Bartlett, Brendan J.; Popadopoulou, Eleni; Santoro, Julia – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
One hundred twenty-five primary-grade teachers randomly selected from across the United States indicated how frequently they made 20 instructional adaptations for the struggling writers in their classroom. The measure of frequency ranged from never, several times a year, monthly, weekly, several times a week, and daily. Using a 6-point Likert-type…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Writing Instruction, Writing Teachers, Instructional Innovation
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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