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Bowles, John C. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1988
Results of survey of high technology educational delivery systems in nine two-year colleges (five in the United States and four in Canada) emphasize the use of computers to provide alternatives to traditional classroom teaching. Topics discussed include open education, self-paced (fleximode) learning, artificial intelligence, software, and…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Conventional Instruction, Courseware, Delivery Systems
Ward, R. D. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1986
Describes ideas for making the best use of simple language processing interfaces in computer-based learning activities. These ideas are based on classroom observations of hearing-impaired, language-impaired, and unimpaired children using programs with a natural language interface which allows them to communicate with the computer about…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Graphics, Computer Software, Elementary Secondary Education
Hartley, J. R. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
Considers three aspects of computer assisted instruction (CAI), i.e., instructional program design, software tools needed for their realization, and assimilation of CAI in the classroom; discusses developments in CAI; and outlines techniques of knowledge representation arising from artificial intelligence and their value for student modelling and…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Processes, Computer Assisted Instruction
Hobbs, D. J. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1987
Description of a study which formulated a model of the cognitive processes involved in learning statistics material via computer assisted learning (CAL) focuses on mode of presentation (aural or visual), sequence of the material, and previous mathematical experience. Textual analysis is discussed and implications of the results for design of CAL…
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Aural Learning, Cognitive Processes, Computer Assisted Instruction
Becker, Lee A. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1987
Presents and develops a general model of the nature of a learning system and a classification for learning systems. Highlights include the relationship between artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology; computer-based instructional systems; intelligent instructional systems; and the role of the learner's knowledge base in an intelligent…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Classification, Cognitive Psychology, Computer Assisted Instruction
Moss, G. D.; Roopchand, Lloyd George – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1987
Describes study that compared the attainment gains of Guyanan secondary school children in science and geography following two different learning regimes, i.e., systematically designed learning materials, and conventional teaching. Implications of the results for curriculum design and teacher training are discussed. (Author/LRW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Objectives, Comparative Analysis, Conventional Instruction, Curriculum Design
Yule, Ronald M. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
The problem of pacing distance learning students is discussed together with suggested pacing methods: insertion of questions in text of study guides; short-term, regular assignments; tutorial letters; audiocassette and videotape usage; and computer assisted instruction. (MBR)
Descriptors: Assignments, Audiotape Cassettes, Computer Assisted Instruction, Distance Education
Stoane, Cynthia – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
Discusses what it is about home learning that creates a need for study skills improvement and the study skills required for successful home learning (information processing and personal skills, and support strategies). The role and responsibilities of educational technologists in helping learners to acquire effective study skills are considered.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Distance Education, Instructional Design, Instructional Improvement
Holmberg, Borje – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
Develops a theory of mediated learning from practice. Problems inherent in developing theories are reviewed; general assumptions are identified; and a descriptive theory is generated that identifies favorable factors facilitating learning. Factors are checked for consistency and used to generate hypotheses for collecting research data capable of…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Course Objectives, Hypothesis Testing, Instructional Design
Stubbs, Malcolm; Piddock, Peter – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
Discussion of intelligent computer assisted learning (CAL) systems considers both those that offer natural language communication to the user and those that are adaptive, generative, or self-improving. Current interest in student-built learning environments (exemplified by work with LOGO and PROLOG) is examined, and obstacles to future intelligent…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Computer Assisted Instruction, Courseware, Design
Freshwater, Mike; Crawley, Rick – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1985
Describes Manpower Services Commissions Open Tech Programme, a developmental, project-based program begun in 1982 to open adult access to updating and upgrading training at technical and supervisory skill levels. Discussion includes issues arising in the program's management, administration, and the design and process of open learning and impact…
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, Instructional Design
Harris, N. D. C.; Mustafa, N. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1986
Describes a field test and results of a new didactic teaching method involving resource-based learning to teach various aspects of mathematics and science (fractions, magnetism, planets) to elementary aged hearing impaired student in Iraq. The dramatic improvements in language for learners is described and implications of the methods are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Field Tests, Hearing Impairments
Stuart, R. R. – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1986
Discusses facilitative teaching, roles and relationships of teachers and students, and factors in the teaching environment that facilitate learning. Characteristics of facilitative teachers and factors that increase and decrease relevance of facilitation are outlined. Implications of facilitative teaching for training organizations, instructors,…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Andragogy, Educational Environment, Models
Owens, David – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1988
Reviews current findings of empirical research on older adult learning, notes key differences in how older adults and young people learn, and suggests strategies that could be used to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of instruction designed for the elderly. (33 references) (Author/LRW)
Descriptors: Adult Development, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Aging (Individuals)
Sharon, Dan; And Others – Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 1987
Presents an overview of a course on robotics and automation developed by the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) to be offered through an open learning environment in the United Kingdom. Highlights include hardware and software requirements, an educational model, design principles, and future developments. (LRW)
Descriptors: Computer Software, Course Descriptions, Developed Nations, Electromechanical Technology
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