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Leonard, Laurence B. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1995
Examination of the spontaneous speech of 10 English-speaking children (ages 3 to 5) with specific language impairment revealed evidence of the functional categories of determiner, inflection, and complementizer. However, compared to younger children with comparable mean utterance lengths, these children showed lower percentages of use of many…
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Form Classes (Languages), Grammar, Language Acquisition
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Gilger, Jeffrey W. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1995
This paper is an introduction to behavioral genetics for researchers and practitioners in language development and disorders. It identifies essential concepts and applies behavioral genetic research to the language sciences. It suggests that more complex questions may be successfully addressed through behavioral genetic paradigms. Research needs…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Genetics, Language Impairments, Models
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Gertner, Bethany L.; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1994
Peer popularity was compared across three groups of preschool children: (1) children with normally developing language skills; (2) children with speech and/or language impairments; and (3) children learning English as a Second Language. Normally developing children were the most popular. A receptive measure of single word vocabulary was the best…
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Language Impairments, Language Tests, Limited English Speaking
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Gierut, Judith A.; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1987
Three studies of phonological knowledge and generalization were conducted with six functionally misarticulating children, aged 3-4. Results indicated that productive phonological knowledge of the sound system influenced the amount of generalization learning. The extent of generalization learning was associated with the point on the knowledge…
Descriptors: Articulation Impairments, Early Childhood Education, Error Analysis (Language), Generalization
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Nakamura, Monica; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990
This study addressed the extent to which performance on selected verbal and nonverbal measures contributed to the prediction of inflection learning with 20 normal boys (ages 4 to 5). Results suggested that inflection learning may be tied more to other language abilities than to nonverbal cognitive skills in normally developing boys. (DB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Language Acquisition, Language Patterns, Language Skills
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Roseberry, Celeste A.; Connell, Phil J. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1991
The study found differential learning rates in a group of bilingual children (ages four to six) with limited English proficiency (LEP) when they all were taught an invented morpheme. The language-impaired children in the group learned the morpheme at a slower rate than the nonimpaired children. Results have implications for identifying language…
Descriptors: Handicap Identification, Language Acquisition, Language Handicaps, Learning Processes
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Oetting, Janna B.; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1995
This study examined Quick Incidental Learning (QUIL) of novel vocabulary by 88 primary school-age children with and without specific language impairment (SLI). Among normally developing children, results documented a robust ability to learn words in the early school years. Children with SLI demonstrated significantly less word-learning ability…
Descriptors: Context Clues, Developmental Stages, Incidental Learning, Language Acquisition
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Williams, A. Lynn – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1991
This study examined the relationship between productive phonological knowledge and generalization learning patterns in nine phonologically disordered children (ages three to five). Although all subjects exhibited equivalent levels of knowledge and received identical training, three different generalization learning patterns were observed.…
Descriptors: Articulation Impairments, Cognitive Processes, Generalization, Knowledge Level
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Vihman, Marilyn May; Greenlee, Mel – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1987
The persistence of individual differences in phonological development of 10 normally developing children observed at age one and again at age three was studied. The children differed considerably in rate of vocabulary acquisition and relative phonological maturity and also in their general approach to learning. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Early Childhood Education, Individual Differences, Longitudinal Studies
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Gilbertson, Margie; Kamhi, Alan G. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1995
This study found that word learning ability in only 10 of 20 children (ages 7-10) with hearing impairment (HI) was comparable to performance of 20 hearing children matched for receptive vocabulary knowledge. Degree of hearing loss was not related to language or word-learning abilities. Results suggest the coexistence of a language impairment for…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Hearing Impairments, Individual Differences, Language Acquisition
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Gierut, Judith A. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990
This study evaluated whether variations in the structure of minimal versus maximal opposition treatments would result in empirical differences in phonological learning with three four-year-old boys who excluded at least six sounds from their phonetic and phonemic inventories. Results indicated that treatment of maximal oppositions led to greater…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Delayed Speech, Instructional Effectiveness, Males
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Wolff, Peter H.; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990
The study compared the temporal organization of motor speech in dyslexic adolescents and adults without overt speech difficulties (N=91), matched normal readers, and learning-disabled adolescents (N=50) without reading difficulties. Dyslexic subjects showed more evidence of motor speech deficits than did subjects in either control group. (DB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Dyslexia, Learning Disabilities
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Conti-Ramsden, Gina; And Others – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1995
This study examined the nature and frequency of parental recasts to six children with specific language impairment (SLI) compared with normal language learning children at the same language stage (including younger siblings). Children with SLI at early stages of development experienced a simple recast gap in their linguistic input. Qualitative…
Descriptors: Caregiver Speech, Developmental Stages, Fathers, Feedback
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Kiernan, Barbara; Swisher, Linda – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990
These two single-subject, alternating treatment design experiments with a total of seven young children (Navajo speaking and Spanish speaking) found that receptive learning of novel words in a second language reaches a preestablished criterion in fewer trials under a bilingual compared with a monolingual condition. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Early Childhood Education, English (Second Language), Ethnic Groups
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Masterson, Julie J.; Kamhi, Alan G. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1991
This study, with 30 language learning-disabled, reading-disabled, and normal primary school children, found that clause structure complexity, fluency, and grammatical and phonemic accuracy tended to be highest when children were discussing absent referents, providing explanations and stories, and giving unshared information. These effects were…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Expressive Language, Grammar, Language Acquisition
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