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Guttorm, Tomi K.; Leppanen, Paavo H. T.; Richardson, Ulla; Lyytinen, Heikki – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2001
This study examined event-related potentials (ERPs) to synthetic consonant-vowel syllables from 26 newborns with familial risk for dyslexia and 23 control infants participating in a longitudinal study of dyslexia. Results indicated that the cortical electric activation evoked by speech elements differed between children with and without risk for…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Auditory Perception, Dyslexia, Longitudinal Studies
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Dalton, Bridget; Morocco, Catherine Cobb; Tivnan, Terrence; Mead, Penelope L. Rawson – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1997
This study compared effects of two approaches to hands-on science, supported inquiry science (SIS) and activity-based science, in six urban and two suburban fourth-grade general education classrooms involving 172 students, 33 of whom had learning disabilities (LD). The study found that students with and without LD demonstrated greater concept…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Discovery Learning, Educational Methods, Elementary Education
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
Two studies examined response to varying amounts of time in reading intervention for two cohorts of first-grade students demonstrating low levels of reading after previous intervention. Students were assigned to one of three groups that received (a) a single dose of intervention, (b) a double dose of intervention, or (c) no intervention.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Student Reaction, Acceleration (Education)
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Hammill, Donald D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
This article reviews the efforts made since 1962 to define learning disabilities, discusses 11 prominent definitions, identifies important conceptual elements on which the definitions differ, and calls for a consensual acceptance of the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities definition. (PB)
Descriptors: Definitions, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria
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Lovett, Benjamin J.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2006
More than 20 years ago, psychologists first described gifted students with learning disabilities (LD). In the past decade, several sets of identification criteria have been proposed for this population. Many of the suggested assessment practices are unsupported by research in psychoeducational assessment, and some have been directly contradicted…
Descriptors: Psychoeducational Methods, Identification, Gifted Disabled, Academically Gifted
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Kamps, Debra; Abbott, Mary; Greenwood, Charles; Wills, Howard; Veerkamp, Mary; Kaufman, Jorun – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
This article describes the implementation of small-group reading instruction as secondary- and tertiary-level components of a three-tier model of prevention and intervention. The study consisted of 83 students who were targeted in the winter of kindergarten as being at high risk for reading failure. Intervention consisted of evidence-based…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Prevention, Reading Failure, Kindergarten
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Ives, Bob – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2003
This paper reviews criticism on misinterpretation and overuse of significance testing in the social sciences and examines use of effect size measures to enhance interpretation of significance testing. Review of typical effect size measures and their application is followed by analysis of use of effect size measures in studies reported over 10…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities, Research Methodology
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Ostad, Snorre A.; Sorensen, Peer M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2007
The present study examines private speech and strategy-use patterns for solving simple number fact problems in addition. The progressive differentiation by grade between children's levels of private speech internalization--including silence--was investigated and related to children's developmental patterns for subcategories of strategy-use…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 7, Research Methodology, Investigations
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Harn, Beth A.; Stoolmiller, Mike; Chard, David J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
This article presents critical issues related to word reading development within Ehri's theoretical context by focusing primarily on the relation of decoding skill (of nonwords) to word reading and the development of unitization. Within this context, issues and considerations related to research, measurement, and reading development are presented…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Grade 1, Decoding (Reading), Skill Development
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McNamara, John K.; Wong, Bernice – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2003
This study compared students with (n=20) and without (n=40) learning disabilities (LD) on their recall of academic information and information encountered in their everyday lives. Students with LD performed poorly on both types of recall, suggesting that they may have problems with retrieval and working memory. The availability of cues…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cues, Elementary Education, Learning Disabilities
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Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2003
This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among 84 college students with learning disabilities (LD) attending a large midwestern university. Results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor (delay/avoidance) on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, College Students, Grade Point Average
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Harrison, Kelley A.; Romanczyk, Raymond G. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1991
Twenty-two elementary-aged children with reading difficulties were administered multiple assessments, including the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT), Simple Reaction Time, and Complex Reaction Time. Results did not support a relationship between impulsivity, as measured by the MFFT, and academic progress in a classroom setting. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Conceptual Tempo, Elementary Education, Learning Disabilities
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Eiserman, William D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1988
The effects of three types of tutoring treatments on the attitudes of learning-disabled and control students (n=124) in grades K-6 were compared. The tutoring programs, involving sign language and reading, produced beneficial effects on attitudes about peers, school, and learning, whereas control students did not experience comparable gains.…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, Individual Instruction
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Lazerson, David B.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1988
This study determined the effects of using truant and tardy junior high school learning-disabled students as tutors for younger learning-disabled pupils. After six weeks of tutoring, most of the 16 tutors showed a significant increase toward an internal orientation of locus of control and a decrease in truant/tardy behaviors. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Classroom Techniques, Cross Age Teaching, Elementary Education
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Dickinson, David L.; Verbeek, Roelant L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2002
This study compared employment and wage figures for 97 college graduates previously diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD) and 1,130 comparison adults. The observed lower wages for individuals with LD were found to be primarily due to differences in productivity, although the possibility that some of this differential is due to discrimination…
Descriptors: Adults, College Graduates, Compensation (Remuneration), Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
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