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Spiker, Charles C.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1985
Reports three experiments with kindergartners and first graders which used one-trial multidimensional reasoning tasks like those of Toppino (Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v30, p496-512, 1980). Feedback information and preliminary experience with simple forms of the task produced high performance levels, and verbal labeling in the…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Feedback
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Presson, Clark C. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1987
First and fifth graders participated in this assessment of ways in which differential experience with objects in a spatial array might establish relative landmarks within the array. Results suggest that different levels of experience can establish elements as relative landmarks in spatial memory. (Author/RWB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Comparative Analysis
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1986
Investigates the extent to which learning disabled readers' atypical encoding relates to their deficiencies in semantic memory by comparing learning disabled and nondisabled readers in two age groups on dichotic listening tasks that included orienting and nonorienting instructions. (HOD)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis
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DeBaryshe, Barbara D.; Whitehurst, Grover J. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1986
Investigates the role of intraverbal learning (a process through which semantic knowledge is acquired from purely linguistic information) in preschool children's acquisition of semantic concepts. Shows that the relative effectiveness of pictorial and intraverbal information depends on the child's age, the type of information supplied, and the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Language Acquisition, Language Processing
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Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1984
Reports that both learning-disabled (LD) and non-learning-disabled (NORM) children recalled disproportionately more adjacent words than semantically related or spaced words in a free recall task. Spaced words were less likely to be recalled by the younger children and by the LDs. NORMs' recalls were governed by purposive semantic processing to a…
Descriptors: Children, Cognitive Processes, Learning Disabilities, Memory
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Manis, Franklin R., And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1987
Examined whether reading disabled children differed in the utilization of rules in a paired associate learning task. In two experiments, children were assigned to one of three conditions: (a)nonrule, (b)consistent rule, or (c)inconsistent rule. When present, the rule was based on semantic opposites. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Intelligence Quotient
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Howe, Mark L.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1985
Reported an experiment on the effects of taxonomic organization on 7- and 11-year-olds' free and cued recall of two- and four-category lists. Analysis used a stages-of-learning model that simultaneously delivered estimates of the impact of these manipulations on storage and retrieval components of recall. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Classification, Cues, Encoding (Psychology)
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Pressley, Michael; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1984
Ten- to thirteen-year-old children selected either the objectively more effective keyword method or the naturalistic context method for learning vocabulary meanings. Concludes that, even in the absence of explicit performance feedback, children can be induced to reflect on their use of strategies and their outcomes on subsequent cognitive actions.…
Descriptors: Children, Decision Making, Decision Making Skills, Elementary Education
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Kurtz, Beth E.; Borkowski, John G. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1987
Examines the relationships between metamemory and strategic behavior in impulsive and reflective children. Children in three experimental groups received (1) prose summarization instructions; (2) summarization instructions in conjunction with meta-cognitive training about the importance of a reflective approach to learning; or (3) no instructions.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Learning Strategies
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Pressley, Michael; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1987
Children 6- to ll-years-old heard concrete sentences which they were asked to learn. Half the children received imagery instruction. Greater short-term memory and verbal competence predicted better sentence learning in the imagery condition, but not in the control condition. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Imagery, Learning Strategies
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Ackerman, Brian P. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1987
Examines the relation between attention to target and context information and target recall in an incidental learning task for children and adults. Results support a distinction between context-interactive and context-independent situations and suggest that the attentional patterns that are efficient for memory may differ with the kind of…
Descriptors: Attention, Cognitive Development, Difficulty Level, Elementary Education
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Valenti, S. Stavros – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1985
Describes two experiments that examined the conditions determining age changes in novelty preferences of children. (HOD)
Descriptors: Attention Span, Comparative Analysis, Difficulty Level, Learning Strategies
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Bebko, James M. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1984
Tests 64 deaf students from oral and total communication settings to examine whether a deficiency in spontaneous strategy use accounts for their verbal short-term memory performance. Spontaneous rehearsal of both deaf samples seemed to emerge later than the hearing sample's and was inefficiently implemented and less effective in mediating recall…
Descriptors: Deafness, Learning Strategies, Oral Communication Method, Recall (Psychology)
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Whiteley, John H. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1985
Subjects from kindergarten-age to adult participated in four experiments. In order to view the stimuli, subjects in three experiments activated lights in viewing boxes; in the fourth experiment, stimulus fixations were measured using a corneal reflection technique. Results supported the view that visual observing is controlled by cognitive…
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Development
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Content, Alain; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1986
Investigates the effect of corrective feedback on the capacity of preliterate children to learn explicit phonetic segmentation. (HOD)
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Cognitive Ability, Feedback, Learning Processes
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