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Peer reviewed

Brophy, Jere – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1986

Several lines of needed research on teaching are discussed, including process-outcome research, structuring the content for clarity, teaching cognitive skills and problem-solving strategies, recitation and boardwork, seatwork and homework, conceptual change teaching, classroom organization and grouping, cooperative learning methods, sex equity,…

Descriptors: Classroom Research, Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education

Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2007

This study evaluated the efficacy of a preschool mathematics program based on a comprehensive model of developing research-based software and print curricula. Building Blocks, funded by the National Science Foundation, is a curriculum development project focused on creating research-based, technology-enhanced mathematics materials for pre-K…

Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Experimental Groups, Curriculum Development, Achievement Gains

Peer reviewed

Borko, Hilda; And Others – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

Analyzes a classroom lesson in which a student teacher was unsuccessful in providing a conceptually based justification for the standard division-of-fractions algorithms, focusing on the student teacher's beliefs about good mathematics teaching and learning to teach. Attempts to understand why the lesson failed, what it reveals about learning to…

Descriptors: Beliefs, Case Studies, Division, Elementary Education

Peer reviewed

Hart, Laurie E. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1989

Classroom interactions of seventh-grade girls and boys who differed in confidence in their ability to learn mathematics were compared. Boys were involved in more public interactions with their teacher than girls. High-and low-confidence students differed very little in their interactions with the teacher. (Author/DC)

Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Observation Techniques, Educational Research, Females

Peer reviewed

Brophy, Jere – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1986

Confrey's article is criticized on the basis of unbalanced content coverage, distortions in the treatment of the content that is covered, and the lack of readiness to come to grips with the realities of classroom teaching. (MNS)

Descriptors: Classroom Research, Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education

Peer reviewed

Battista, Michael T. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1994

Discusses the spatial aspects of Greeno's model of conceptual domains and applies the theory to geometry learning. Examines the relationship between mathematical and spatial thinking in light of Greeno's environmental/spatial view of learning. (Contains 16 references.) (MDH)

Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Mapping, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education

Peer reviewed

Wilson, Mark – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1990

Summarizes a reanalysis of the data from an investigation of a test designed to measure a learning sequence in geometry based on the work of van Hiele (1986). Discusses the test based on the Rasch model. (YP)

Descriptors: Geometric Concepts, Geometry, Item Analysis, Mathematical Concepts

Peer reviewed

Ohlsson, Stellan; And Others – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

Proposes a theory of cognitive processes in doing and learning place value arithmetic. Discusses a computer model that simulates the learning of multicolumn subtraction under one-on-one tutoring to measure the relative difficulty of two methods of subtraction. The model predicts that regrouping is more difficult to learn than an alternative…

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Computation

Peer reviewed

Lehrer, Richard; Franke, Megan Loef – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

Reports case studies using personal construct psychology and the logic of fuzzy sets to elucidate the content and organization of two elementary school teachers' knowledge of fractions and mathematical pedagogy. Results identified four personal constructions that affected classroom events; knowledge of fractions, general pedagogical knowledge,…

Descriptors: Beliefs, Case Studies, Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Style

Peer reviewed

Schoenfeld, Alan H. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

Reacts to Ohlsson, Ernst, and Rees' paper by initially discussing the costs of methodology that utilizes artificial intelligence (AI) to model cognitive processes. Raises three concerns with the paper: insufficient clarification of the meaning of conceptual versus procedural understanding of base-10 subtraction; realism of the learning model; and…

Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Processes, Computer Simulation, Educational Theories

Peer reviewed

Sweller, John – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1990

Discussed are the limitations of teaching general problem-solving strategies and techniques and their relationship to transfer of learning. The lack of evidence for effective teaching strategies, curriculum reform ramifications, and alternative teaching techniques are considered. (KR)

Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Elementary School Mathematics, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Curriculum

Peer reviewed

Ohlsson, Stellan – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

Responds individually to Shoenfeld's objections that Ohlsson, Ernst, and Rees' model is unclear; that the hypotheses about learning are unjustified; that the models have not been tested against extant data; and that it is unclear whom the model models. (MDH)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Computer Simulation, Elementary Secondary Education

Peer reviewed

Fuson, Karen C.; Briars, Diane J. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1990

A learning and teaching approach using base-10 blocks to embody the English named-value system of number words and digit cards to embody the positional base-10 system of numeration is described. Examines the students' understanding and arithmetic skills on the multidigit arithmetic. (Author/YP)

Descriptors: Addition, Arithmetic, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Fuson, Karen C.; Brinko, Kathleen T. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1985

For six weeks, pupils in grades two, three, and four used either flash cards or a microcomputer program to practice basic subtraction and division facts. Equivalent learning resulted. (MNS)

Descriptors: Basic Skills, Computation, Computer Software, Drills (Practice)

Peer reviewed

Clarkson, Philip C.; Galbraith, Peter – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1992

The influence of English, the language used in the schooling of 227 sixth graders from Papua New Guinea, as well as the influence of their native language, Pidgin, were both found to have a significant impact upon their mathematical performance. (41 references) (JJK)

Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Cognitive Style, Elementary Education