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Fischbein, Efraim; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991
To investigate the origins and nature of intuitive obstacles affecting the learning of elementary probability theory, 618 Italian elementary and middle school students were interviewed about their methods of solution for several problems dealing with probability. The discussion focuses on four varieties of obstacles to learning prevalent within…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Style, Comprehension, Concept Formation
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Zehavi, Nurit; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1985
A model of qualities of mathematical activity was developed within a framework of learning goals. A clinical application of the model is described, in which ninth-grade students were given assignment projects. A hierarchy of effective guidance was established, permitting diagnostic evaluation and progressive development of mathematical activity.…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Research, Error Patterns, Grade 9
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Davis, Gary; Pepper, Kristine – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992
Provides new evidence for mathematical problem-solving abilities of preschool children. These problem-solving behaviors occurred in a study of sharing of discrete items by dealing, in which we examined the abilities of three categories of counters to solve a discrete redistribution problem. Identifies problem-solving strategies used in the context…
Descriptors: Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Style, Early Experience, Interviews
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Davis, Gary Ernest; Hunting, Robert Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990
Considered was the question of whether a strategy that was widely used by young children in clinical interviews occurred in less structured situations. Findings indicated that it did not occur in the performance of a routine counting task by preschoolers. Reasons for apparent discrepancies are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Interviews