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Peer reviewed

Steinbring, Heinz – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991

An attempt is made to elaborate on the connections and differences between the objective and subjective elements of mathematical knowledge using case study analysis relative to how an epistemological perspective about probability and randomness impacts upon a short classroom teaching episode. (19 references) (Author/JJK)

Descriptors: Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Case Studies, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques

Peer reviewed

Leder, Gilah C. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992

This article is concerned with the learning of mathematics before the commencement of formal schooling. Describes the experiences of two students from four main sets of data: formal and informal measures of mathematics achievement, the learning environment in the home, and observations during teacher-led sessions concerned with mathematical…

Descriptors: Case Studies, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Style

Peer reviewed

Lemerise, Tamara; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992

Learning environment that facilitated the acquisition and expression of procedural skills in LOGO was set up for children in the 10- to 12-year range. Ten participants were placed in a series of situations that required them to manipulate programing procedures in LOGO. Analysis of children's behavior revealed their competence in manipulating…

Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Computer Assisted Instruction

Peer reviewed

Whitman, Nancy C.; Lai, Morris K. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Examines the similarities and differences in beliefs about the effective teaching of mathematics held by teachers from two different sociocultural backgrounds. Data were collected using a part of the Teacher General Classroom Process Questionnaire of the second IEA Mathematics Study. (Author)

Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries

Peer reviewed

Fischbein, Efraim; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991

To investigate the origins and nature of intuitive obstacles affecting the learning of elementary probability theory, 618 Italian elementary and middle school students were interviewed about their methods of solution for several problems dealing with probability. The discussion focuses on four varieties of obstacles to learning prevalent within…

Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Style, Comprehension, Concept Formation

Peer reviewed

Robitaille, David F. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Presented is a comparison of two major surveys of the teaching and learning of mathematics conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. Surveys indicate that performance levels have declined in computational skills and increased in algebra. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: Algebra, Arithmetic, Calculus, Comparative Education

Peer reviewed

Ben-Chaim, David; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Comparisons were made between teacher and pupil perceptions of eight facets of the mathematics environment. Teacher perceptions tended to differ from pupil perceptions although not always in the hypothesized direction. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Environment, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education

Peer reviewed

Kaeley, Gurcharn S. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Investigated was the influence of socioeconomic status, entry style, and instructional variables on postsecondary mathematics performance of students in New Guinea. The pattern of results indicated that the performance of students could be more meaningfully grouped based on entry style rather than on mode of instruction. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: College Mathematics, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Mathematics Achievement

Peer reviewed

Schneider, Maggy – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992

Divided into two parts, this article analyzes why some pupils feel reserve about instantaneous velocities and instantaneous flows. The second part relates reactions of pupils facing a problem that implicates the instantaneous rate of change. Describes some characteristics of this problem that enables the authors to explain its instructional…

Descriptors: Calculus, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries