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Educational Studies in… | 17 |

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Peer reviewed

Steinbring, Heinz – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991

An attempt is made to elaborate on the connections and differences between the objective and subjective elements of mathematical knowledge using case study analysis relative to how an epistemological perspective about probability and randomness impacts upon a short classroom teaching episode. (19 references) (Author/JJK)

Descriptors: Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Case Studies, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques

Peer reviewed

Streefland, Leen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1984

Ideas on a teaching-learning theory of ratio are presented. Views of children and of members of an international panel are presented, and five questions and their responses are compared with real classroom experience. (MNS)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Cobb, Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Reports on a study into first grade student's interpretations of the equals sign in different contexts. Argues that varying situations affect students' understanding of such arithmetic concepts, including the social interaction patterns in the classroom during arithmetic instruction. (TW)

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Measurement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Burt, Gordon – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

An application of critical cultural and ideological technology is reported in the field of mathematics education. A step-by-step method is set out and applied to a particular classroom problem. (CW)

Descriptors: Cultural Exchange, Cultural Influences, Cultural Interrelationships, Educational Philosophy

Peer reviewed

Pollitt, A. B.; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Described are the effects of a mathematics program and of a self-learning project on girls' learning of mathematics in Sudan. Comparisons between boys and girls are considered. (RH)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Whitman, Nancy C.; Lai, Morris K. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Examines the similarities and differences in beliefs about the effective teaching of mathematics held by teachers from two different sociocultural backgrounds. Data were collected using a part of the Teacher General Classroom Process Questionnaire of the second IEA Mathematics Study. (Author)

Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries

Peer reviewed

Fischbein, Efraim; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991

To investigate the origins and nature of intuitive obstacles affecting the learning of elementary probability theory, 618 Italian elementary and middle school students were interviewed about their methods of solution for several problems dealing with probability. The discussion focuses on four varieties of obstacles to learning prevalent within…

Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Style, Comprehension, Concept Formation

Peer reviewed

Streefland, Leen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1985

Features and tools to outline and shape the long-term learning process for ratio are presented, with examples. Ratio-anticipating activity and creating visual models and schemes are stressed, with the basis for a theory of teaching and learning ratio presented. (MNS)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Theories

Peer reviewed

Lemoyne, G.; Tremblay, C. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986

This study involved 48 students ages 9 to 12. The 29 experimental group students, divided into small groups, performed learning exercises designed to improve skills in analyzing and processing expressions frequently included in addition and multiplication problems. The exercises helped significantly to improve problem-solving performance. (MNS)

Descriptors: Addition, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Watson, Helen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Discussed are the results of interviews with 63 Australian children (interviewed in English) and 62 Nigerian children (62 interviewed in English and 60 interviewed in Yoruba) to determine how they used number concepts in discussing five demonstrations manipulating physical matter. Differences between the two groups are considered. (RH)

Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Elementary Education

Peer reviewed

Olson, A. T.; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Provided is an analysis of Turtle Geometry using van Hiele levels of development and understanding. The author also relates a language use framework, suggested by the work of Fry (1982), to the language activities of Turtle Geometry. Research supporting the analysis is discussed. (RH)

Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Geometric Concepts, Geometry, Language Usage

Peer reviewed

Nesher, Pearla; Peled, Irit – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986

The process of transition from a novice's state to that of an expert, in the domain of decimals, is described in terms of explicit, intermediate, and transitional rules which are consistent yet erroneous. Data from students in grades 6-9 are included. (MNS)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Decimal Fractions, Educational Research, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Leder, Gilah C. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Reports on a study of possible differences in interaction patterns between a sixth-grade teacher and different groups of students. Results showed consistency in the interactions studied, but important differences occurred in the quality and quantity with students perceived as "best" and "weakest" and boys and girls in…

Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science

Peer reviewed

Denvir, B.; Brown, M. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986

Three studies on the development of number concepts (counting, addition, subtraction, and place value) in seven- to nine-year-olds considered low attainers in mathematics were conducted. The search for a descriptive framework, the development of a diagnostic assessment instrument, and a longitudinal study are reported. (MNS)

Descriptors: Addition, Cognitive Processes, Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Research

Peer reviewed

Davis, Gary Ernest; Hunting, Robert Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Considered was the question of whether a strategy that was widely used by young children in clinical interviews occurred in less structured situations. Findings indicated that it did not occur in the performance of a routine counting task by preschoolers. Reasons for apparent discrepancies are discussed. (CW)

Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Interviews

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