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Streefland, Leen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1984
Ideas on a teaching-learning theory of ratio are presented. Views of children and of members of an international panel are presented, and five questions and their responses are compared with real classroom experience. (MNS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Cobb, Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987
Reports on a study into first grade student's interpretations of the equals sign in different contexts. Argues that varying situations affect students' understanding of such arithmetic concepts, including the social interaction patterns in the classroom during arithmetic instruction. (TW)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Measurement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Pollitt, A. B.; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987
Described are the effects of a mathematics program and of a self-learning project on girls' learning of mathematics in Sudan. Comparisons between boys and girls are considered. (RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Whitman, Nancy C.; Lai, Morris K. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990
Examines the similarities and differences in beliefs about the effective teaching of mathematics held by teachers from two different sociocultural backgrounds. Data were collected using a part of the Teacher General Classroom Process Questionnaire of the second IEA Mathematics Study. (Author)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries
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Lemoyne, G.; Tremblay, C. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986
This study involved 48 students ages 9 to 12. The 29 experimental group students, divided into small groups, performed learning exercises designed to improve skills in analyzing and processing expressions frequently included in addition and multiplication problems. The exercises helped significantly to improve problem-solving performance. (MNS)
Descriptors: Addition, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Watson, Helen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987
Discussed are the results of interviews with 63 Australian children (interviewed in English) and 62 Nigerian children (62 interviewed in English and 60 interviewed in Yoruba) to determine how they used number concepts in discussing five demonstrations manipulating physical matter. Differences between the two groups are considered. (RH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Elementary Education
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Leder, Gilah C. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987
Reports on a study of possible differences in interaction patterns between a sixth-grade teacher and different groups of students. Results showed consistency in the interactions studied, but important differences occurred in the quality and quantity with students perceived as "best" and "weakest" and boys and girls in…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science
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D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.; Campos, Tania Maria Mendonca – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992
Reports a study to investigate the extent to which research experience of designing and conducting their own study could enhance five preservice teachers' understanding of children's knowledge of the mathematical concept of fractions. Results indicated that research experience is fruitful in developing an inquisitive disposition in preservice…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Cognitive Structures, Elementary Education, Experiential Learning
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Denvir, B.; Brown, M. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986
Three studies on the development of number concepts (counting, addition, subtraction, and place value) in seven- to nine-year-olds considered low attainers in mathematics were conducted. The search for a descriptive framework, the development of a diagnostic assessment instrument, and a longitudinal study are reported. (MNS)
Descriptors: Addition, Cognitive Processes, Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Research
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Davis, Gary Ernest; Hunting, Robert Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990
Considered was the question of whether a strategy that was widely used by young children in clinical interviews occurred in less structured situations. Findings indicated that it did not occur in the performance of a routine counting task by preschoolers. Reasons for apparent discrepancies are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Interviews
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Hunting, Robert P. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1986
The behavior of one child as she constructed knowledge about fractions over a nine-month period is presented. The intent is to explain behavioral patterns for which certain mental processes, called schemes, seem responsible. (MNS)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Elementary Education
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Thornton, Carol A. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990
In two parallel one-year studies, solution strategies for subtraction number facts and achievement patterns of matched groups of first graders in two different instructional programs were examined. Significant differences between groups were found favoring the strategy approach. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Elementary Education