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The Concept of Chance in Everyday Teaching: Aspects of a Social Epistemology of Mathematical Knowledge.
Steinbring, Heinz – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991
An attempt is made to elaborate on the connections and differences between the objective and subjective elements of mathematical knowledge using case study analysis relative to how an epistemological perspective about probability and randomness impacts upon a short classroom teaching episode. (19 references) (Author/JJK)
Descriptors: Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Case Studies, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques
Fischbein, Efraim; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991
To investigate the origins and nature of intuitive obstacles affecting the learning of elementary probability theory, 618 Italian elementary and middle school students were interviewed about their methods of solution for several problems dealing with probability. The discussion focuses on four varieties of obstacles to learning prevalent within…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Style, Comprehension, Concept Formation
On the Dual Nature of Mathematical Conceptions: Reflections on Processes and Objects as Different Sides of the Same Coin.
Sfard, Anna – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991
This paper presents a theoretical framework for investigating the role of algorithms in mathematical thinking using a combined ontological-psychological outlook. The intent is to demonstrate that the processes of learning and of problem solving incorporate an elaborate interplay between operational and structural conceptualizations of the same…
Descriptors: Algorithms, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation
Watson, Helen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987
Discussed are the results of interviews with 63 Australian children (interviewed in English) and 62 Nigerian children (62 interviewed in English and 60 interviewed in Yoruba) to determine how they used number concepts in discussing five demonstrations manipulating physical matter. Differences between the two groups are considered. (RH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Elementary Education
On Learning the Rate of Instantaneous Change=A Propos De L'Apprentissage Du Taux De Variation Instantane.
Schneider, Maggy – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1992
Divided into two parts, this article analyzes why some pupils feel reserve about instantaneous velocities and instantaneous flows. The second part relates reactions of pupils facing a problem that implicates the instantaneous rate of change. Describes some characteristics of this problem that enables the authors to explain its instructional…
Descriptors: Calculus, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries