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Peer reviewed

Cobb, Paul – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1987

Reports on a study into first grade student's interpretations of the equals sign in different contexts. Argues that varying situations affect students' understanding of such arithmetic concepts, including the social interaction patterns in the classroom during arithmetic instruction. (TW)

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Measurement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Robitaille, David F. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Presented is a comparison of two major surveys of the teaching and learning of mathematics conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. Surveys indicate that performance levels have declined in computational skills and increased in algebra. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: Algebra, Arithmetic, Calculus, Comparative Education

Peer reviewed

Liebeck, Pamela – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

Children's responses to an alternative model over three lessons were described and their learning assessed in a posttest. Their responses and performances were compared to that of a similar group of children learning through a conventional number line model. The two models were compared from practical and theoretical viewpoints. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Learning Strategies

Peer reviewed

Thornton, Carol A. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1990

In two parallel one-year studies, solution strategies for subtraction number facts and achievement patterns of matched groups of first graders in two different instructional programs were examined. Significant differences between groups were found favoring the strategy approach. (Author/CW)

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Elementary Education