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Briars, Diane; Siegler, Robert S. – Developmental Psychology, 1984
Investigates preschoolers' knowledge of counting principles by examining their ability to discriminate between features essential for correct counting and features typically present but unessential. Skill in executing the standard counting procedure was found to precede knowledge of the underlying principle. (Author/AS)
Descriptors: Computation, Discrimination Learning, Induction, Mastery Learning
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Fogel, Alan; Thelen, Esther – Developmental Psychology, 1987
Applies a systems approach to the development of expressive and communicative action of infants in the first year of life. Hypothesizes that the systems approach (which integrates expressive and communicative actions with other elements of the infant's physiology, cognition, behavior, and social environment) will explain previously unexplained…
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Infants
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Licht, Barbara G.; Dweck, Carol S. – Developmental Psychology, 1984
Examines the degree to which experiencing confusion during the acquisition of new academic material differentially affects classroom performance of helpless and mastery-oriented fifth-graders. Provides an initial test of a theoretical approach to understanding differences between male and female performances in different subject areas. (AS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Gains, Achievement Need
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Berk, Laura E. – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Observes 75 first- and third-grade children in their classroom mathematics seatwork to test assumptions drawn from Vygotsky's theory about the development of private speech and its relationship to task performance, attention, and motor behaviors accompanying task orientation. (HOD)
Descriptors: Attention Control, Children, Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages
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Spivack, George; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Longitudinally examines the relationship between teacher-rated behaviors in kindergarten through grade three with police contact as a measure of delinquency and school misconduct throughout adolescence. Urban minority ("high risk") males and females participated. Consistent relationships between early classroom behavior and later…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Rating Scales, Delinquency, Elementary School Students
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Hayvren, Maureen; Hymel, Shelley – Developmental Psychology, 1984
Examines the immediate and long term effects of sociometric testing on preschool children's peer interactions. Positive and negative nomination as well as rating-scale sociometric measures were administered individually to children from two preschool classrooms, and behavioral observations of peer interactions were conducted before, after, and…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Ethics, Peer Relationship, Preschool Children
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Tomasello, Michael; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Investigates differences in the language learning environments of six twin pairs and 12 singleton toddlers (all firstborn) with special reference to pragamatic factors that might be expected to differ in dyadic and triadic interactive situations. (HOD)
Descriptors: Communication Research, Comparative Analysis, Family Environment, Interpersonal Communication
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Maccoby, Eleanor E.; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1984
Fifty-seven children were seen in interaction with their mothers, at 12 months and again at 18 months of age. The observational sessions included a teaching/learning task in which aspects of the mother's teaching style and the child's task orientation could be assessed. Additionally, assessments were made of "difficultness" and the…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Mink, Iris Tan; Nihira, Kazuo – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Examines the direction of effects between slow-learning children and their families in three family types: (1) learning-oriented, high residential quality; (2) achievement-oriented, low residential quality; and (3) outer-directed, with little achievement orientation, taking into consideration child variables of adjustment and adaptive behavior.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), Children, Educational Environment
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Lewis, Michael; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1989
The ability of three-year-old children to deceive was examined in order to determine whether they were able to hide their emotional expression intentionally. Results indicated that very young children have begun the process of learning how to mask their emotional expressions and support the role of socialization in this process. (RH)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Deception, Interpersonal Competence, Sex Differences
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Fisher, Celia B.; Camenzuli, Cheryl A. – Developmental Psychology, 1987
The correspondence of left-right confusion in children to the bilateral symmetry in the nervous system was tested by presenting left-right and up-down discrimination-learning tasks to 80 preschoolers who viewed these stimuli from either an upright or 90-degree-rotated body position. The data contradict anatomical model predictions. (Author/BN)
Descriptors: Biological Influences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Environmental Influences, Hypothesis Testing
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Rogoff, Barbara; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1984
Examines modification of mother-child instruction as a function of age of learner in middle childhood (six versus eight years). Instruction and learning were compared on two tasks designed to simulate school and home activities. Results show more intense instruction of all kinds for the younger children in the school task. (RH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Classification, Instruction, Interaction Process Analysis
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Feagans, Lynne; Short, Elizabeth J. – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Examines the ability of 30 normal and 30 learning disabled children across a three-year period to understand a sequence of instructions, communicate the steps in a sequence to others, and rephrase their verbal messages through a referential communication task. (HOD)
Descriptors: Communication Research, Communication Skills, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education
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Wachs, Theodore D. – Developmental Psychology, 1987
Tested the generalizability of the specificity model of environmental action to the domain of mastery motivation in infants. Found that the specificity model successfully predicted that aspects of the environment uniquely related to dimensions of mastery motivation, and that infant sex and temperament mediated the relation of environment to…
Descriptors: Child Development, Experiential Learning, Family Environment, Infants
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Frye, Douglas; And Others – Developmental Psychology, 1986
Investigates the problem young children have in constructing diagonals, noting that, on the whole, they can not make diagonals in the horizontal/vertical configuration. (HOD)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Difficulty Level
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