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Kent, Shawn C.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
The present study examined the amount, type, and quality of Tier 1 and supplemental reading instruction provided to 4th-grade struggling readers and whether specific elements of instruction predicted growth in reading skills. In all, 110 students identified as having reading difficulty who were receiving school-based reading instruction in 22…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction
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McCormick, Meghan P.; White, Hope; Horn, Elizabeth Parham; Lacks, Rachel Stephanie; O'Connor, Erin E.; Cappella, Elise; McClowry, Sandee G. – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2018
This study investigated the impacts of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" on instructional support and math and reading skills in kindergarten and first grade classrooms with high levels of student shyness. "INSIGHTS" is a temperament-based intervention with teacher, parent, and classroom programs. 22 urban elementary…
Descriptors: Shyness, Personality Traits, Mathematics Instruction, Reading Instruction
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Bohlmann, Natalie L.; Downer, Jason T. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: A growing emphasis in the literature on children's self-regulation signals the need for increased understanding of the ways in which young children become active players in the acquisition of knowledge. In particular, self-regulation may be linked to subsequent academic achievement through greater engagement with the learning…
Descriptors: Self Control, Preschool Children, Academic Achievement, Language Skills
Siegler, Robert S.; Duncan, Greg J.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Duckworth, Kathryn; Claessens, Amy; Engel, Mimi; Susperreguy, Maria Ines; Meichu, Chen – Grantee Submission, 2012
Identifying the types of mathematics content knowledge that are most predictive of students' long-term learning is essential for improving both theories of mathematical development and mathematics education. To identify these types of knowledge, we examined long-term predictors of high school students' knowledge of algebra and overall mathematics…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Mathematics Achievement, Knowledge Level, High School Students
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Abry, Tashia; Granger, Kristen L.; Bryce, Crystal I.; Taylor, Michelle; Swanson, Jodi; Bradley, Robert H. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2018
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and a model-building approach, the authors examined direct and indirect associations between first-grade (G1) classroom-level adversity (CLA), G1 teaching practices, and student (N = 1,073; M = 6.64 years; 49% girls; 82%…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Antisocial Behavior, Educational Environment
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Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W. – School Psychology Review, 2016
Teachers' social interactions with children are a salient aspect of the classroom environment. An emerging line of research suggests teachers' emotional support consistency is an important predictor of children's academic and social outcomes. Yet individual differences determine the contribution of classroom affordances to children's adjustment.…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Environment, Interpersonal Competence
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Bachman, Heather J.; Degol, Jessica L.; Elliott, Leanne; Scharphorn, Laura; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Palmer, Kalani M. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: The present study examined the amount of exposure to math activities that children of low socioeconomic status (SES) encounter in private community-based preschool classrooms and whether greater time in these activities predicted higher math skills. Three cohorts of 4- to 5-year-old children were recruited from 30 private…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Private Schools
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McGrath, Gregory L.; McLaughlin, T. F.; Derby, K. Mark; Bucknell, Wendy – Educational Research Quarterly, 2012
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of reading racetracks with three 8-year-old students with learning disabilities. All three children were performing well below grade level in reading. A single subject reversal design was used to evaluate the effects of employing reading racetracks. Corrects responses and errors were…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Word Lists, Sight Vocabulary, Reading Instruction
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Fanti, Kostas A.; Kimonis, Eva – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Investigating heterogeneity in antisocial behavior early in life is essential for understanding the etiology, development, prognosis, and treatment of these problems. Data from the longitudinal National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) study of Early Child Care were used to identify homogeneous groups of young antisocial children…
Descriptors: Young Children, Adolescents, Behavior Problems, Biology
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Martin-Storey, Alexa; Crosnoe, Robert – Applied Developmental Science, 2014
This study examined the association between adolescents' perceptions of their neighborhoods' safety and multiple elements of their functioning in school with data on 15 year olds from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (n = 924). In general, perceived neighborhood safety was more strongly associated with aspects of schooling…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Safety, Adolescents, Attitude Measures
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Pianta, Robert; Hamre, Bridget; Downer, Jason; Burchinal, Margaret; Williford, Amanda; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Howes, Carollee; La Paro, Karen; Scott-Little, Catherine – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: Effects on children's school readiness were evaluated for 2 interventions focused on improving teacher-student interactions (coursework, coaching) implemented sequentially across 2 years. Teachers from public prekindergarten programs in 10 locations were assigned randomly to treatment or control conditions in each year.…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Student Relationship, School Readiness, Early Childhood Education
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Hostetler, Kirsten; Luo, Tian; Stefaniak, Jill E. – Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 2018
Despite the popularity of metacognitive research, and the inclusion of similar concepts in professional guidelines, librarians have not incorporated metacognitive tools into their assessment strategies. This systematic literature review found (1) metacognitive assessments can act as a learning aide in encouraging higher-order thinking; (2)…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Metacognition, Thinking Skills, Performance Based Assessment
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Berninger, Virginia; Abbott, Robert; Cook, Clayton R.; Nagy, William – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Relationships between attention/executive functions and language learning were investigated in students in Grades 4 to 9 (N = 88) with and without specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in multiword syntax in oral and written language (OWL LD), word reading and spelling (dyslexia), and subword letter writing (dysgraphia). Prior…
Descriptors: Correlation, Attention Control, Executive Function, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Jenkins, Jade M.; Watts, Tyler W.; Magnuson, Katherine; Gershoff, Elizabeth; Clements, Douglas; Sarama, Julie; Duncan, Greg J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Prior research shows that short-term effects from preschool may disappear, but little research has considered which environmental conditions might sustain academic advantages from preschool into elementary school. Using secondary data from two preschool experiments, we investigate whether features of elementary schools, particularly advanced…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Educational Quality, Preschool Education
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Cromley, Jennifer G.; Skibbe, Lori E.; Miller, Alison L. – Evaluation Review, 2011
This article reviews the mechanics of conventional and piecewise growth models to demonstrate the unique affordances of each technique for examining the nature and predictors of children's early literacy learning during the transition from preschool through first grade. Using the nationally representative Family and Child Experiences Survey…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Child Development
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