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Orosco, Michael J.; Abdulrahim, Naheed A. – Teacher Education and Special Education, 2018
Educator preparation in comprehension strategy instruction (CSI) is essential to meeting the needs of English learners (ELs) in contemporary schools. This article provides teacher educators and professional developers with concrete examples of practices to prepare classroom teachers in comprehensive strategy instruction, based on an experimental…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Teacher Competencies, Comprehension, Teaching Methods
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Ming, Kavin; Dukes, Charles – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2010
For a number of students, early failure is highly predictive of later failure, severely limiting the development of skilled reading. Students who do not read fluently generally do not become good readers. In addition, students with inadequate fluency are likely to avoid reading because of fear of failure and negative attitudes--and students who…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Failure, Failure, Phonemic Awareness
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Dymock, Susan; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The ubiquitous weekly spelling test assumes that words are best learned by memorisation and testing but is this the best way? This study compared two well-known approaches to spelling instruction, the rule based and visual memory approaches. A group of 55 seven-year-olds in two Year 3 classrooms was taught spelling in small groups for three…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods
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Taha, Mohamed M.; El Nagar, Hosny Z. – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
The purpose of this study is to construct and evaluate diagnostic battery tests of verbal and non-verbal learning disabilities for students in the Arabic schools. 612 students were in the 3rd, 4th and 5th grades of primary school were involved, mostly from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Their ages ranged from 7.94-10.98 with mean age = 9.62 and SD =…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Learning Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
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Ladd, Gary W.; Dinella, Lisa M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Premises about the effects of early engagement on achievement were investigated with 383 children who were followed from ages 5.5 to 13.5. Change and continuity in behavioral (cooperative-resistant classroom participation) and emotional (school liking-avoidance) engagement were assessed during Grades 1-3 and were examined within variable- and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Participation, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Fuentes, Sarah Quebec; Crawford, Lindy; Huscroft-D'Angelo, Jacqueline – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2017
All students should have opportunities to develop their ability to reason mathematically. Gersten and Chard (1999) support this stance with respect to students with learning disabilities: "Even if students are not automatic with basic facts, they still should be engaged in activities that promote the development of number sense and…
Descriptors: Teaching Models, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Logic, Comparative Analysis
Hinton, Vanessa; Stroizer, Shaunita; Flores, Margaret – Investigations in Mathematics Learning, 2015
Number sense is one's ability to understand what numbers mean, perform mental mathematics, and look at the world and make comparisons. Researchers show instruction that teaches children how to classify numbers, put numbers in sequence, conserve numbers effectively, and count builds their number sense skills. Targeted instruction that teaches…
Descriptors: Computation, Case Studies, Young Children, Mathematics Instruction
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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Samara, Anna; Caravolas, Markéta – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Potential implicit orthographic learning deficits were investigated in adults with dyslexia. An artificial grammar learning paradigm served to assess dyslexic and typical readers' ability to exploit information about chunk frequency, letter-position patterns, and specific string similarity, all of which have analogous constructs in real…
Descriptors: Adults, Dyslexia, Orthographic Symbols, Memorization
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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Students' explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 fourth-grade students at risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
Adlof, Suzanne; Frishkoff, Gwen; Dandy, Jennifer; Perfetti, Charles – Grantee Submission, 2016
Word learning can build the high-quality word representations that support skilled reading and language comprehension. According to the partial knowledge hypothesis, words that are partially known, a.k.a. "frontier words" (Durso & Shore, 1991), may be good targets for instruction precisely because they are already familiar. However,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Familiarity, Adults, Children
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Swanson, H. Lee; Kudo, Milagros; Guzman-Orth, Danielle – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
This study investigated the prevalence and stability of latent classes at risk for reading disabilities (RD) in elementary-aged children whose first language is Spanish. To this end, children (N = 489) in Grades 1, 2, and 3 at Wave 1 were administered a battery of reading, vocabulary, and cognitive measures (short-term memory [STM], working memory…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Malone, Amelia S.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Remedial and Special Education, 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative contribution of teacher and tutor ratings of inattentive behavior in two different instructional settings in predicting students' performance on fraction concepts and whole-number calculations. Classroom teachers rated each student's attentive behavior in a whole-class setting and tutors rated…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Attention Span, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Carsley, Dana; Heath, Nancy L. – School Psychology International, 2018
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a mindfulness art activity (mandala) with a free draw/colouring activity on test anxiety in adolescents with an examination of gender differences, and to assess the effect of dispositional mindfulness on students' experience of mindfulness and test anxiety states. Participants were 193…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Attention, Freehand Drawing, Grade 8
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Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is a virtual consensus regarding the types of language processes, interactions, and material supports that are central for young children to become proficient readers and writers (Shanahan et al., 2008). In this study, we examine these supports in both home and school contexts during children's critical transitional kindergarten year.…
Descriptors: Children, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Interaction
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