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Barnes, Erica M.; Dickinson, David K. – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: This study examines lexical- and sentence-level dimensions of academic language to describe teachers' natural use of academic language and its association with vocabulary growth in 489 at-risk 4-year-olds enrolled in Head Start preschool classrooms. Using transcripts derived from video recordings of book-reading sessions in 52…
Descriptors: Correlation, Language Usage, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language
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Goodrich, Samantha; Mudrick, Hannah; Robinson, JoAnn – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: National policy today is on the brink of defining preschool experiences as essential for children's academic success. Indeed, many children's classroom experience begins as they transition from infant/toddler care to a preschool classroom. This study examined developmentally relevant skill domains among 36-month-olds (effortful…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, School Readiness
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H. – Early Education and Development, 2019
This study used the FACES 2009 dataset to examine the possibility of an indirect effect of classroom quality on academic school readiness through teacher-rated approaches to learning in a large nationally representative sample of children served by Head Start. Research Findings: Classroom quality did not directly predict gains in academic school…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Educational Quality
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Hu, Bi Ying; Fan, Xitao; Wu, Yan; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Song, Zhanmei – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: Growing international evidence points to high-quality teacher-child interactions in early learning environments as key contributors to children's learning and development. Little is known, however, about the longitudinal effects of these experiences, particularly in the Chinese context. In this study, we addressed the question…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children
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Coyne, Michael D.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Ware, Sharon; Austin, Christy R.; Loftus-Rattan, Susan M.; Baker, Doris L. – Exceptional Children, 2019
We investigated whether individual differences in overall receptive vocabulary knowledge measured at the beginning of the year moderated the effects of a kindergarten vocabulary intervention that supplemented classroom vocabulary instruction. We also examined whether moderation would offset the benefits of providing Tier-2 vocabulary intervention…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language, Kindergarten
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Wood, Carla; Wofford, Mary Claire; Gabas, Clariebelle; Petscher, Yaacov – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
This study aimed to describe the narrative retell performance of dual language learners (DLLs) in the fall and spring of the school year and examine predictive relationships. Participants included 74 DLLs in kindergarten and first grade from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Microstructural measures included number of different words (NDW), words per…
Descriptors: Narration, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Bilingualism
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Kelley, Elizabeth S.; Kinney, Kara – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2017
An emerging body of research examines language learning of young children from experiences with digital storybooks, but little is known about the ways in which specific components of digital storybooks, including interactive elements, may influence language learning. The purpose of the study was to examine the incidental word learning and story…
Descriptors: Young Children, Language Acquisition, Childrens Literature, Electronic Publishing
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Fehr, Karla K.; Russ, Sandra W. – Early Education and Development, 2013
Research Findings: Pretend play is an essential part of child development and adjustment. However, parents, teachers, and researchers debate the function of aggression in pretend play. Different models of aggression predict that the expression of aggression in play could either increase or decrease actual aggressive behavior. The current study…
Descriptors: Play, Aggression, Student Behavior, Imagination
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Craig-Unkefer, Lesley; Loncola Walberg, Jennifer – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2015
Identifying an intervention that is effective for multiple populations can be a challenge. Given the potential range of students in an inclusive setting, the need to identify common strategies that promote skill development for multiple populations is essential. Professionals need to identify those strategies that promote skill development that…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Peer Influence, Social Development, Interpersonal Communication
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Vaughn, Sharon; Swanson, Elizabeth A. – Exceptional Children, 2015
Research in special education has yielded beneficial outcomes for students with disabilities as well as typical achieving students. The authors provide examples of the valuable knowledge special education research has generated, including the elements of response to intervention (e.g., screening and progress monitoring), instructional practices…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Research, Response to Intervention, Student Needs
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Wilson, Hope E. – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2015
There is a dearth of research regarding young children with high intellectual abilities, particularly research involving the direct observation of children in naturalistic settings. The current study examines 2 years of observations of young children (aged 37-71 months; n = 34) at an early childhood facility. The children were observed during the…
Descriptors: Play, Observation, Young Children, Early Childhood Education
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Roskos, Kathleen; Burstein, Karen – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2011
Broad-stroke approaches to vocabulary teaching in preschool include effective instructional elements, yet may be too ill-structured to affect the vocabulary learning of children experiencing serious delays. Using a formative research approach, this study examines the design potential of a supplemental vocabulary instruction technique that…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Early Reading, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Development
Upshur, Carole C.; Heyman, Miriam; Wenz-Gross, Melodie – Grantee Submission, 2017
A classroom randomized trial (n = 31 classrooms) was conducted using the Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum compared to usual curricula. Head Start and community preschool classrooms enrolling low income children were randomly assigned to deliver SSEL (n = 16) or usual curricula (n = 15). Data are reported for four year olds…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Preschool Curriculum, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Rose, Elisabeth; Lehrl, Simone; Ebert, Susanne; Weinert, Sabine – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study investigated the long-term interrelations among children's language competencies, their home literacy environment (HLE), and 3 aspects of socioemotional development from ages 3 to 8, controlling for characteristics of the child and family. For this sample of 547 typically developing German children, parents and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Family Literacy, Family Environment, Aggression
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Guo, Ying; Tompkins, Virginia; Justice, Laura; Petscher, Yaacov – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship between classroom age composition and preschoolers' vocabulary gains over an academic year and also to examine whether these relations were moderated by classroom quality. In this study (N = 130 children in 16 classrooms representing a subset of all children…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Age Differences, At Risk Students, Preschool Children
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