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Gershenson, Seth; Hayes, Michael S. – Educational Policy, 2018
School districts across the United States increasingly use value-added models (VAMs) to evaluate teachers. In practice, VAMs typically rely on lagged test scores from the previous academic year, which necessarily conflate summer with school-year learning and potentially bias estimates of teacher effectiveness. We investigate the practical…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Comparative Analysis
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Cho, Rosa Minhyo – Economics of Education Review, 2012
Over the past decade, several state and federal policies have directed schools to mainstream English Language Learner (ELL) students into English-only instruction classrooms. While there is mixed evidence on the effects of these immersion policies on the ELL students, research examining potential peer effects on their non-ELL classmates is…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Evidence, Reading Tests, Individual Characteristics
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Palardy, Gregory J.; Peng, Luyao – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2015
This study examines the effects of including the summer period on value-added assessments (VAA) of teacher and school performance at the early grades. The results indicate that 40-62% of the variance in VAA estimates originates from the summer period, depending on the outcome (i.e., reading or math achievement gains). Furthermore, when summer is…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Performance Based Assessment, Teacher Effectiveness, School Effectiveness
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Three arguments regarding racial equity have arisen in the school choice debate. Choice advocates charge that choice will improve access to quality schools for disadvantaged minority students (Chubb & Moe 1990; Coons & Sugarman, 1978; Godwin & Kemerer, 2002; Viteritti, 1999). Critics argue that choice is unlikely to benefit minority…
Descriptors: School Choice, Magnet Schools, Equal Education, School Segregation
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Shields, Katherine A.; Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Greller, Sara – Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands, 2016
As a growing number of states require kindergarten entry assessments, more state and district administrators are becoming interested in how their peers use these assessments around the country. Given this interest, state administrators participating in Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands Early Childhood Education Research…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Kindergarten, Public Schools, Correlation
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Rathbun, Amy; Zhang, Anlan – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
Young children experience various types of early care and education environments the year before they enter kindergarten. Some children attend center-based arrangements such as preschools, childcare centers, or Head Start programs, while others are cared for in relatives' or nonrelatives' homes or are normally cared for only by their parents.…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Correlation, School Readiness
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Grissom, Jason A.; Redding, Christopher – AERA Open, 2016
Students of color are underrepresented in gifted programs relative to White students, but the reasons for this underrepresentation are poorly understood. We investigate the predictors of gifted assignment using nationally representative, longitudinal data on elementary students. We document that even among students with high standardized test…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, Academically Gifted, High Achievement
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Hardesty, Jacob; McWilliams, Jenna; Plucker, Jonathan A. – High Ability Studies, 2014
Every country--and even every community--has populations of students who severely underperform relative to other groups and to their own potential. These performance differences are generally called achievement gaps, and they tend to focus on gaps at basic levels of academic proficiency. But such gaps also exist among the highest levels of…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, High Achievement, Context Effect, Access to Computers
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Hall, Gordon Emmett; DiPerna, James Clyde – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
The present study used multiple regression analyses to examine the relationships between fifth-grade social skills and eighth-grade academic achievement. Data were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Results indicated no relationship between positive or negative social behavior in fifth grade…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Interpersonal Competence, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Shields, Katherine A.; Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Greller, Sara – Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands, 2016
This "Stated Briefly" report is a companion piece that summarizes the results of another report of the same name. Child development research on the importance of early experiences for later life outcomes has underscored the need for effective early childhood education. With the aim of providing high-quality education, many kindergarten…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Kindergarten, Public Schools, Correlation
Lee, Jaekyung; Finn, Jeremy; Liu, Xiaoyan – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This study contextualizes an effect-size-like index of educational treatment effects or any group mean differences in academic achievement by referencing time. The new effect size metric can enrich effect size interpretations while serving as a supplement (but not substitute) for conventional standardized effect size measures. Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Program Evaluation, Validity, Effect Size
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Monti, Jennifer D.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,312) were analyzed to examine whether the adverse effects of early insensitive parenting on children's academic functioning can be offset by parents' later involvement in children's education. Observations of mothers' early…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Parent Participation, Child Development, Child Rearing
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Baker, Claire; Kuhn, Laura – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Structural equation models were used to examine pathways from maternal depression and early parenting to children's executive function (EF) and externalizing behaviours in the first nationally representative study to obtain direct assessments of children's kindergarten EF skills (i.e., the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Child Rearing, Children
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North; McIntyre, Joe; Gomez, Celia J. – Educational Researcher, 2016
Early studies examining seasonal variation in academic achievement inequality generally concluded that socioeconomic test score gaps grew more over the summer than the school year, suggesting schools served as "equalizers." In this study, we analyze seasonal trends in socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic test score gaps using…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Scores
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