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Youn, Minjong – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Teacher Responsibility
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Hunter, Leah J.; Bierman, Karen L.; Hall, Cristin M. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: Head Start teachers completed brief rating scales measuring the social-emotional competence and approaches to learning of preschool children (total N = 164; 14% Hispanic American, 30% African American, 56% Caucasian; 56% girls). Head Start lead and assistant teacher ratings on both scales demonstrated strong internal consistency…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Social Development, Emotional Development, Early Intervention
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Astuto, Jennifer; Ruck, Martin – Applied Developmental Science, 2017
In the United States a "civic engagement gap" persists between low-income youth and their higher-income counterparts. To examine the developmental origins of civic engagement in a sample of U.S. children growing up in poverty, a conceptual model was tested employing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K)…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Kindergarten
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Lleras, Christy; McKillip, Mary – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
School moves are common during elementary school in the United States. The authors address whether changing schools and residences affects the academic and behavioral development of young students. Utilizing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, the regression analyses show that, after controlling for prior achievement and behavior,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Behavior, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement
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Aliprantis, Dionissi – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2012
A wide literature uses date of birth as an instrument to study the causal effects of educational attainment. This paper shows how parents delaying their children's initial enrollment in kindergarten, a practice known as redshirting, can make estimates obtained through this identification framework all but impossible to interpret. A latent index…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Computation, Educational Attainment, Enrollment
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Park, So Jung – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
In 2002, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) called for "highly qualified" teachers in every classroom in order to increase student outcome and provide equitable learning opportunities to all students including poor and minority students. content and pedagogical knowledge before they come into the classrooms. However, research evidence…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Academic Achievement, Correlation
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Ottmar, Erin R.; Konold, Timothy R.; Berry, Robert Q.; Grissmer, David W.; Cameron, Claire E. – School Science and Mathematics, 2013
This study uses a large nationally representative data set (ECLS-K) of 5,181 students to examine the extent to which exposure to content and instructional practice contributes to mathematics achievement in fifth grade. Using hierarchical linear modeling, results suggest that more exposure to content beyond numbers and operations (i.e., geometry,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 5, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott; Rorem, Anna – AERA Open, 2016
Recent accounts suggest that accountability pressures have trickled down into the early elementary grades and that kindergarten today is characterized by a heightened focus on academic skills and a reduction in opportunities for play. This paper compares public school kindergarten classrooms between 1998 and 2010 using two large, nationally…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Public Schools, Educational History, Preschool Teachers
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Froiland, John Mark; Oros, Emily – Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated the effects of intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, classroom engagement and extrinsic motivation on reading development among youth. Using a nationally representative sample of students in the US, the researchers followed students longitudinally from fifth to eighth grade. Reading achievement was measured using…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Reading Achievement
Mahdavi, Seema – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Children with learning disabilities represent the largest category of students served within special education systems in schools, and are at increased risk for academic and psychosocial problems in comparison to peers without learning disabilities. While much of clinical practice and research focus has been on academic interventions,…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Depression (Psychology), Academic Achievement
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Rathbun, Amy H.; Kena, Grace – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
First-time kindergartners who demonstrated positive approaches to learning behaviors more frequently in the fall of kindergarten tended to make greater gains in reading, mathematics, and science between kindergarten and second grade. For each additional point in students' fall kindergarten approaches to learning score, average gains from…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Socioeconomic Status, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Cimpian, Joseph R.; Lubienski, Sarah T.; Timmer, Jennifer D.; Makowski, Martha B.; Miller, Emily K. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Studies using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K:1999) revealed gender gaps in mathematics achievement and teacher perceptions. However, recent evidence suggests that gender gaps have closed on state tests, raising the question of whether such gaps are absent in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort.…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Gender Differences
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Cimpian, Joseph R.; Lubienski, Sarah T.; Timmer, Jennifer D.; Makowski, Martha B.; Miller, Emily K. – AERA Open, 2016
Studies using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K:1999) revealed gender gaps in mathematics achievement and teacher perceptions. However, recent evidence suggests that gender gaps have closed on state tests, raising the question of whether such gaps are absent in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort.…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Gender Differences
Garrett, Rachel; Hong, Guanglei – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether small group instruction in kindergarten widens or closes the achievement gap in mathematics between EL students and non-EL students. The first objective is to examine whether the impacts of small group instruction on math learning differ between EL kindergartners and their non-EL peers. For…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, English Language Learners, Small Group Instruction
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Weber-Mayrer, Melissa M.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Yeager Pelatti, Christina – Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 2015
Professional development (PD) for early childhood educators has received increased attention as a means of bolstering young children's learning and development. Theory and research indicate that educators' characteristics play roles in both their own learning and that of children; however, little research has explored who participates in PD. This…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, State Programs, Faculty Development, Preschool Teachers
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