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Palacios, Natalia – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2017
This study uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort to examine the influence that teachers and classrooms have on children's short- and long-term reading achievement trajectories throughout the elementary school years. The analytic sample in the 1st grade is 16,604 children nested within 5,029 teachers, the 3rd-grade sample…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2018
Dynamic measurement modeling (DMM) has been shown to improve the consequential validity of longitudinal mathematics assessment in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database. Here, the authors demonstrate the capability of DMM to similarly improve the consequential validity of ECLS-K reading assessment through the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Alternative Assessment, Evaluation Methods
Catterall, James S. – National Endowment for the Arts, 2012
This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. In several small-group studies, children and teenagers who participated in arts education programs have shown more positive academic and social outcomes in comparison to students who did not…
Descriptors: Art Education, Music Education, Dance Education, Theater Arts
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Baker, Claire E. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study used a large sample of mostly non-resident fathers (74%) to determine whether father-school involvement (e.g. attending parent-teacher conferences) predicted better academic and social emotional skills after controlling for the influence of mother-school involvement, the quality of children's home learning environment, and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent School Relationship, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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Robinson, Keith – Elementary School Journal, 2013
Multilevel modeling was used to investigate the relationship between poverty status, mathematics achievement gains, and behavioral engagement in learning over kindergarten. Data included information on 11,680 poor, low-income, and non-poor kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Results…
Descriptors: Poverty, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Learner Engagement
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Harven, Aletha – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The authors explored how classroom gender composition moderated the relationship between having classmates with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) and peers' academic achievement in both kindergarten and Grade 1 classrooms. Given the behavioral and social-cognitive styles of girls, it was hypothesized that classrooms with a higher percentage…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Gender Issues, Peer Relationship, Emotional Disturbances
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Carolan, Brian V.; Weiss, Christopher C.; Matthews, Jamaal S. – Youth & Society, 2015
There are few areas of school organization that reflect more dissatisfaction than how to structure the education of adolescents in the middle grades. This study uses multilevel models on nationally representative data provided by the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to investigate the relationship between schools' middle-level grade span and…
Descriptors: Models, Correlation, Middle School Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Denmark, Nicole Marie; Harden, Brenda Jones; Gonzalez, Maritza – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: Unlike other Latino groups, there is little information about the early socialization of children from Central American (CA) immigrant families. This study examined CA immigrant mothers' short-term goals and the implications of these goals for children's behavior in preschool. A total of 47 low-income mothers described their…
Descriptors: Low Income, Mothers, Goal Orientation, Preschool Children
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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCaroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This report is intended to provide a snapshot of the children in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort who were in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010-11 school year and in fourth grade 4 years later during the spring of 2015. About 88 percent of children enrolled in kindergarten in 2010-11 were in kindergarten for the first time that school year and…
Descriptors: Children, Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 4
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Matthews, J. S.; Kizzie, Karmen T.; Rowley, Stephanie J.; Cortina, Kai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
In this study, the authors examined the racial and gender gap in the academic development of African American and White children from kindergarten to 5th grade. Their main goal was to determine the extent to which social and behavioral factors, including learning-related skills, problem behaviors, and interpersonal skills, explain these gaps and…
Descriptors: African American Students, Behavior Problems, At Risk Students, Males
Dong, Nianbo – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This paper is based on previous studies in applying propensity score methods to study multiple treatment variables to examine the causal moderator effect. The propensity score methods will be demonstrated in a case study to examine the causal moderator effect, where the moderators are categorical and continuous variables. Moderation analysis is an…
Descriptors: Probability, Statistical Analysis, Case Studies, Intervention
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Baker, Claire E. – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
This study used a family-centered ecological lens to examine predictive relations among fathers' and mothers' language acculturation, parenting practices, and academic readiness in a large sample of Mexican American children in preschool (N = 880). In line with prior early childhood research, parent language acculturation was operationalized as…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Acculturation, Parenting Styles
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Youn, Minjong – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Teacher Responsibility
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