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Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013
In this Appendix, we provide details about the data used for the current study, the curricula used in the classrooms from which data were collected, and the current study's methodological approach. (Contains 14 tables and 5 footnotes.)[For full report, see ED544189.]
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Achievement, Institutional Characteristics
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Palardy, Gregory J. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background: An enduring question about achievement gaps is, which aspects of schools contribute most? At the early grade levels, when children spend the vast majority of their school day in a single classroom with a single teacher, school inequities that correlate with achievement gaps likely originate within the classroom. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Context Effect, Teacher Effectiveness
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
Goetz, Michael Eric – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study explores the cost-effectiveness ratios associated with individual tutoring, intensive reading/language arts instruction, and a focus on core subject areas. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) database, this study analyzes these programs using a three-level hierarchical linear model (HLM) with a nationally…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Tutoring, Reading Instruction, Language Arts
Kang, Ho Soo – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Teacher professional development has long been of interest since it may affect teachers' learning, the practice of teaching, and student learning. Although empirical research has mainly explored the effect of specific professional development interventions on student achievement, these inventions have been initiated outside the school, and little…
Descriptors: Staff Meetings, Staff Development, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Relying on a newly released national data set of kindergarten students from the 2010-2011 school year (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011), the findings suggest that having a greater percentage of same-needs classmates positively boosts both achievement and socioemotional outcomes among…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Student Diversity
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Benner, Aprile D.; Yan, Ni – Applied Developmental Science, 2015
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (N = 13,970), we examined whether two aspects of school-family connections, parental involvement and communication quality, accounted for the association between classroom composition and children's academic and socioemotional functioning following the transition to…
Descriptors: Family School Relationship, Parent Participation, School Readiness, Communication Skills
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Ready, Douglas D.; Chu, Elizabeth M. – Early Education and Development, 2015
Previous research has established that student learning is influenced by how accurately teachers perceive student academic ability. But studies rarely investigate the degree to which inaccuracies in teacher perceptions exacerbate demographic inequality in academic ability. Using a sample of almost 14,000 children from the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, Teacher Attitudes, Academic Ability
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Sun, Shuyan; Pan, Wei – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2014
As applications of multilevel modelling in educational research increase, researchers realize that multilevel data collected in many educational settings are often not purely nested. The most common multilevel non-nested data structure is one that involves student mobility in longitudinal studies. This article provides a methodological review of…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Research
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Han, Jisu; Schlieber, Marisa; Gregory, Bradley – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
This study used data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) 2009 4-year-old cohort to examine associations among family characteristics, home and classroom environments, and the emergent literacy skills of Head Start children. Results from hierarchical linear models suggest that both family and classroom contexts play a…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Vocabulary Development, Expressive Language
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Iruka, Iheoma U.; Forry, Nicole D. – Journal of Education, 2018
Patterns of quality among approximately 1,400 center classrooms and 350 family child care homes based on measures of global quality, sensitive caregiving, and frequency of language/literacy and math/numeracy activities were examined. Four patterns of quality were identified. Provider education was predictive of higher quality care in both centers…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Educational Quality, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D.; Dubasik, Virginia L.; Moss DiDonato, Alicia – Educational Research, 2017
Background: Preschool teacher's instructional practices are one component of high-quality early education classrooms that have the potential to directly influence young children's school readiness and success; therefore, the type and quality of instructional practices used by preschool teachers should be explored. Purpose: The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Educational Practices, Emotional Development, Socialization
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Milkie, Melissa A.; Warner, Catharine H. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2011
Sociological research focuses on how poverty, family, and neighborhood dynamics shape children's problems, but knowledge about how school is related to children's mental health is underdeveloped, despite its central presence in children's lives. Using a social structure and personality-stress contagion perspective, the authors use a nationally…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Health, Academic Standards, Social Structure
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