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Kowalczyk, Courtney Lynne – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Children participating in kindergarten programming across the United States are expected to perform at a higher level than ever before. Many of these children are unprepared and developmentally unready for the academic tasks that await them. Researchers have shown that an older age at the start of kindergarten is a predictor of academic…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Entrance Age, Correlation, Preschool Education
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Phillips, Kristie J. R. – Elementary School Journal, 2010
Policymakers and researchers continue to search for ways to improve K-12 education, which has led to an increased focus on teacher quality as an impetus for educational improvement. As such, current legislation under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) calls for highly qualified teachers in every classroom. But are the characteristics associated with…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Reading Achievement, Educational Improvement, Achievement Gains
Murphy, Patrick Ryan – ProQuest LLC, 2009
There are three self-contained essays in this dissertation. In the first essay (Chapter 2 of the dissertation) I estimate various achievement models for math and reading using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K) dataset. An indicator for gifted program participation captures the impact of…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Talent, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gains
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
The study examined the relative effectiveness of four early elementary school math curricula: Investigations in Number, Data, and Space; Math Expressions; Saxon Math; and Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Mathematics. The study analyzed data on more than 8,000 first- and second-grade students in 110 schools in 12 districts in 10 states. In each of the…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement
Puma, Mike; Bell, Stephen; Cook, Ronna; Heid, Camilla; Broene, Pam; Jenkins, Frank; Mashburn, Andrew; Downer, Jason – Administration for Children & Families, 2012
In the 1998 reauthorization of Head Start, Congress mandated that the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) determine, on a national level, the impact of Head Start on the children it serves. As noted by the Advisory Committee on Head Start Research, this legislative mandate required that the impact study address two main research…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Integrated Services, Disadvantaged Youth, Grade 3
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Cooper, Carey E.; Crosnoe, Robert; Suizzo, Marie-Anne; Pituch, Keenan A. – Journal of Family Issues, 2010
Using multilevel models of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (N = 20,356), the authors find that parental involvement in education partially mediates the association between family poverty and children's math and reading achievement in kindergarten, but differences exist across race. In Asian families, poor and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Racial Differences, Poverty, Reading Achievement
US Department of Agriculture, 2005
This study focuses on a set of eating habit questions proposed for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Education's Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Birth Cohort. The study assesses the wording and format of a series of questions for mothers of children in kindergarten and/or first grade regarding the child's food consumption habits. Most…
Descriptors: Mothers, Eating Habits, Longitudinal Studies, Test Construction
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Jennings, Jennifer L.; DiPrete, Thomas A. – Sociology of Education, 2010
Although many recognize that social and behavioral skills play an important role in educational stratification, no studies have attempted to estimate teachers' effects on these outcomes. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), the authors estimate teacher effects on social and behavioral skills as well…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Interpersonal Competence, Teacher Influence
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Lim, Hyo Jin; Kim, Junyeop – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2011
This paper aims at investigating the causal effects of social behaviors on subsequent reading growth in elementary school, using the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten" ("ECLS-K") data. The sample was 8,869 subjects who provided longitudinal measures of reading IRT scores from kindergarten (1998-1999) to fifth…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Interpersonal Competence
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Goldstein, Jessica; McCoach, D. Betsy – Early Childhood Research & Practice, 2011
Developmentally appropriate, psychometrically sound instruments are needed to assess young children and evaluate learning programs. In the United States, little guidance exists on the development and use of large-scale assessments that cover the broad range of skills that encompass young children's development. In 2005 and 2006, the State of…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Preschool Children, Receptive Language, Expressive Language
Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Finch, Maida – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
This study describes children's early math skills and the kindergarten mathematics content to which they are exposed. The authors focus specifically on teacher survey responses to items about content coverage that align most closely with the content covered on the ECLS-K kindergarten mathematics achievement test. They examine the influence…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Curriculum
Roring, Catherine Mary – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Many risk factors have been identified for children entering Kindergarten. Many at-risk children eventually get classified as having a Specific Learning disability. Some of these risk factors include having a primary home language other than English (Hosp & Reschly, 2004), having non-intact families (Pong, 1997), being of minority status…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Family Characteristics
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Durand, Tina M. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2011
Parental involvement in children's schooling is an important component of children's early school success. Few studies have examined this construct exclusively among Latino families. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K), the present investigation (N = 2,051) explored relations between Latino parents' home and school…
Descriptors: School Involvement, Parent Participation, Children, Parent School Relationship
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Flanagan, Kristin Denton; McPhee, Cameron – National Center for Education Statistics, 2009
Using data from the final two rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a longitudinal study begun in 2001, this First Look provides a snapshot of the demographic characteristics, reading and mathematics knowledge, fine motor skills, school characteristics, and before- and after-school care arrangements of the cohort…
Descriptors: Child Development, Kindergarten, Longitudinal Studies, Cohort Analysis
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Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Koury, Amanda S.; Miller, Portia – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
Growing evidence has linked center-based early care and education settings to improvements in children's cognitive skills. Additional research is needed to more carefully delineate when and for whom these associations are most pronounced. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (N ˜ 6,350; Flanagan & West, 2004),…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Cognitive Development, Child Development, Family Environment
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