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Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.; Barofsky, Meryl Y.; List, Alexandra – Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 2015
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (ECLS-K, 98), a nationally representative sample of kindergarteners in the United States, we investigated the relationship between approaches to learning and spring reading achievement with particular emphasis on classroom and school-level differences. We employed…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Correlation, Learning Strategies
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Youn, Minjong – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
This study employed the concept of teachers' sense of responsibility for students' learning to examine the extent to which the gap in math learning growth is reduced and whether such attitudes can improve children's learning outcomes to a degree that is above and beyond their expected achievement relative to their initial academic skills. Analysis…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Teacher Attitudes, Outcomes of Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Jung, Eunjoo – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The author examined whether mathematics instruction provided by kindergarten teachers is related to children's mathematics learning during the kindergarten year based on the children's socioeconomic status and race. Hierarchical linear modeling was employed using a large sample of kindergarten students to estimate relationships between the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Preschool Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013
In this Appendix, we provide details about the data used for the current study, the curricula used in the classrooms from which data were collected, and the current study's methodological approach. (Contains 14 tables and 5 footnotes.)[For full report, see ED544189.]
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Achievement, Institutional Characteristics
Kang, Ho Soo – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Teacher professional development has long been of interest since it may affect teachers' learning, the practice of teaching, and student learning. Although empirical research has mainly explored the effect of specific professional development interventions on student achievement, these inventions have been initiated outside the school, and little…
Descriptors: Staff Meetings, Staff Development, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Han, Jisu; Schlieber, Marisa; Gregory, Bradley – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
This study used data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) 2009 4-year-old cohort to examine associations among family characteristics, home and classroom environments, and the emergent literacy skills of Head Start children. Results from hierarchical linear models suggest that both family and classroom contexts play a…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Vocabulary Development, Expressive Language
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Milkie, Melissa A.; Warner, Catharine H. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2011
Sociological research focuses on how poverty, family, and neighborhood dynamics shape children's problems, but knowledge about how school is related to children's mental health is underdeveloped, despite its central presence in children's lives. Using a social structure and personality-stress contagion perspective, the authors use a nationally…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Health, Academic Standards, Social Structure
Catterall, James S. – National Endowment for the Arts, 2012
This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. In several small-group studies, children and teenagers who participated in arts education programs have shown more positive academic and social outcomes in comparison to students who did not…
Descriptors: Art Education, Music Education, Dance Education, Theater Arts
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Patrick, Susan Kemper – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
Ability grouping is a common educational practice utilized by elementary teachers during reading instruction. This study examines whether ability grouping operates as a form of educational stratification by examining the following research question: To what extent do student literacy skills, background characteristics, and prior group placement…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Student Placement, Elementary School Teachers, Reading Instruction
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Robinson, Keith – Elementary School Journal, 2013
Multilevel modeling was used to investigate the relationship between poverty status, mathematics achievement gains, and behavioral engagement in learning over kindergarten. Data included information on 11,680 poor, low-income, and non-poor kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Results…
Descriptors: Poverty, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Learner Engagement
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCaroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This report is intended to provide a snapshot of the children in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort who were in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010-11 school year and in fourth grade 4 years later during the spring of 2015. About 88 percent of children enrolled in kindergarten in 2010-11 were in kindergarten for the first time that school year and…
Descriptors: Children, Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 4
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Matthews, J. S.; Kizzie, Karmen T.; Rowley, Stephanie J.; Cortina, Kai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
In this study, the authors examined the racial and gender gap in the academic development of African American and White children from kindergarten to 5th grade. Their main goal was to determine the extent to which social and behavioral factors, including learning-related skills, problem behaviors, and interpersonal skills, explain these gaps and…
Descriptors: African American Students, Behavior Problems, At Risk Students, Males
Mahdavi, Seema – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Children with learning disabilities represent the largest category of students served within special education systems in schools, and are at increased risk for academic and psychosocial problems in comparison to peers without learning disabilities. While much of clinical practice and research focus has been on academic interventions,…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Depression (Psychology), Academic Achievement
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Rathbun, Amy H.; Kena, Grace – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
First-time kindergartners who demonstrated positive approaches to learning behaviors more frequently in the fall of kindergarten tended to make greater gains in reading, mathematics, and science between kindergarten and second grade. For each additional point in students' fall kindergarten approaches to learning score, average gains from…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Socioeconomic Status, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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