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Hong, Guanglei; Gagne, Joshua; West, Andrew – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
This study focuses on assessing the contribution of ELL services to Spanish-speaking students' mathematics learning in elementary schools. ELL students tend to have lower average math achievement at school entry and throughout elementary school. The term "ELL services" encompasses English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs, bilingual…
Descriptors: Program Length, English Language Learners, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Sonnenschein, Susan; Galindo, Claudia – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This study used Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort data to examine influences of the home and classroom learning environments on kindergarten mathematics achievement of Black, Latino, and White children. Regardless of race/ethnicity, children who started kindergarten proficient in mathematics earned spring scores about 7-8…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Family Environment, Family Influence
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
Goetz, Michael Eric – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study explores the cost-effectiveness ratios associated with individual tutoring, intensive reading/language arts instruction, and a focus on core subject areas. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) database, this study analyzes these programs using a three-level hierarchical linear model (HLM) with a nationally…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Tutoring, Reading Instruction, Language Arts
Kang, Ho Soo – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Teacher professional development has long been of interest since it may affect teachers' learning, the practice of teaching, and student learning. Although empirical research has mainly explored the effect of specific professional development interventions on student achievement, these inventions have been initiated outside the school, and little…
Descriptors: Staff Meetings, Staff Development, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Baker, Claire E. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study used a large sample of mostly non-resident fathers (74%) to determine whether father-school involvement (e.g. attending parent-teacher conferences) predicted better academic and social emotional skills after controlling for the influence of mother-school involvement, the quality of children's home learning environment, and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent School Relationship, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Rathbun, Amy H.; Kena, Grace – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
First-time kindergartners who demonstrated positive approaches to learning behaviors more frequently in the fall of kindergarten tended to make greater gains in reading, mathematics, and science between kindergarten and second grade. For each additional point in students' fall kindergarten approaches to learning score, average gains from…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Socioeconomic Status, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Early Childhood Education, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten
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Catsambis, Sophia; Mulkey, Lynn M.; Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Steelman, Lala Carr; Koch, Pamela Ray – Journal of Educational Research, 2012
The authors analyzed the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) national data set to investigate gender differences in ability group placement in American kindergartens. They found that in kindergarten, within-class ability grouping was widely used for reading instruction, with boys being underrepresented in high-achieving…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Ability Grouping, Kindergarten, Socioeconomic Background
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2017
Single-timepoint educational measurement practices are capable of assessing student ability at the time of testing but are not designed to be informative of student capacity for developing in any particular academic domain, despite commonly being used in such a manner. For this reason, such measurement practice systematically underestimates the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Testing
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Gershenson, Seth; Hayes, Michael S. – Educational Policy, 2018
School districts across the United States increasingly use value-added models (VAMs) to evaluate teachers. In practice, VAMs typically rely on lagged test scores from the previous academic year, which necessarily conflate summer with school-year learning and potentially bias estimates of teacher effectiveness. We investigate the practical…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Comparative Analysis
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Cho, Rosa Minhyo – Economics of Education Review, 2012
Over the past decade, several state and federal policies have directed schools to mainstream English Language Learner (ELL) students into English-only instruction classrooms. While there is mixed evidence on the effects of these immersion policies on the ELL students, research examining potential peer effects on their non-ELL classmates is…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Evidence, Reading Tests, Individual Characteristics
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Shields, Katherine A.; Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Greller, Sara – Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands, 2016
As a growing number of states require kindergarten entry assessments, more state and district administrators are becoming interested in how their peers use these assessments around the country. Given this interest, state administrators participating in Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands Early Childhood Education Research…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Kindergarten, Public Schools, Correlation
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