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Sonnenschein, Susan; Galindo, Claudia – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This study used Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort data to examine influences of the home and classroom learning environments on kindergarten mathematics achievement of Black, Latino, and White children. Regardless of race/ethnicity, children who started kindergarten proficient in mathematics earned spring scores about 7-8…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Family Environment, Family Influence
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Ready, Douglas D.; Chu, Elizabeth M. – Early Education and Development, 2015
Previous research has established that student learning is influenced by how accurately teachers perceive student academic ability. But studies rarely investigate the degree to which inaccuracies in teacher perceptions exacerbate demographic inequality in academic ability. Using a sample of almost 14,000 children from the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, Teacher Attitudes, Academic Ability
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Iruka, Iheoma U.; Forry, Nicole D. – Journal of Education, 2018
Patterns of quality among approximately 1,400 center classrooms and 350 family child care homes based on measures of global quality, sensitive caregiving, and frequency of language/literacy and math/numeracy activities were examined. Four patterns of quality were identified. Provider education was predictive of higher quality care in both centers…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Educational Quality, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers
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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
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Weber-Mayrer, Melissa M.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Yeager Pelatti, Christina – Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 2015
Professional development (PD) for early childhood educators has received increased attention as a means of bolstering young children's learning and development. Theory and research indicate that educators' characteristics play roles in both their own learning and that of children; however, little research has explored who participates in PD. This…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, State Programs, Faculty Development, Preschool Teachers
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Young Children, Grade 2
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Early Childhood Education, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten
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Unlu, Fatih; Layzer, Carolyn; Clements, Douglas; Sarama, Julie; Cook, David – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Many educational Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) collect baseline versions of outcome measures (pretests) to be used in the estimation of impacts at posttest. Although pretest measures are not necessary for unbiased impact estimates in well executed experimental studies, using them increases the precision of impact estimates and reduces sample…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Pretests Posttests, Curriculum Design
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West, Jerry – AERA Open, 2017
The introduction to this Special Topic Collection has two parts. To provide background and context for the articles in the collection, Part 1 tells the story of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study program at the National Center for Education Statistics. It offers an abridged history of this program and describes the designs of the two national…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Kindergarten
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Hooper, Alison – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
There is considerable variation in state policies related to the certification required for teachers in kindergarten and first grade, and relatively little is known about these policies' effects on student learning. This study considers whether children who have kindergarten and first-grade teachers with certification in early childhood education…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Teacher Certification, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Palardy, Gregory J.; Peng, Luyao – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2015
This study examines the effects of including the summer period on value-added assessments (VAA) of teacher and school performance at the early grades. The results indicate that 40-62% of the variance in VAA estimates originates from the summer period, depending on the outcome (i.e., reading or math achievement gains). Furthermore, when summer is…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Performance Based Assessment, Teacher Effectiveness, School Effectiveness
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Rathbun, Amy; Zhang, Anlan – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
Young children experience various types of early care and education environments the year before they enter kindergarten. Some children attend center-based arrangements such as preschools, childcare centers, or Head Start programs, while others are cared for in relatives' or nonrelatives' homes or are normally cared for only by their parents.…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Correlation, School Readiness
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Monti, Jennifer D.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,312) were analyzed to examine whether the adverse effects of early insensitive parenting on children's academic functioning can be offset by parents' later involvement in children's education. Observations of mothers' early…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Parent Participation, Child Development, Child Rearing
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Yeh, Stuart S. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context: Despite decades of research, the persistence of the gap in student achievement between disadvantaged minority students and their middle-class peers remains unexplained. Purpose/Objective: The purpose of the current article is to propose a new model of the achievement gap. Research Design: Data were analyzed from three…
Descriptors: Models, Achievement Gap, Disadvantaged, Minority Group Students
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