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Hong, Guanglei; Gagne, Joshua; West, Andrew – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
This study focuses on assessing the contribution of ELL services to Spanish-speaking students' mathematics learning in elementary schools. ELL students tend to have lower average math achievement at school entry and throughout elementary school. The term "ELL services" encompasses English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs, bilingual…
Descriptors: Program Length, English Language Learners, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Youn, Minjong – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
This study employed the concept of teachers' sense of responsibility for students' learning to examine the extent to which the gap in math learning growth is reduced and whether such attitudes can improve children's learning outcomes to a degree that is above and beyond their expected achievement relative to their initial academic skills. Analysis…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Teacher Attitudes, Outcomes of Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Gottfried, Michael; Egalite, Anna; Kirksey, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
As special education inclusion policies become more widespread, classroom compositions are changing in ways that affect all students. The present study fills a critical gap in the literature by documenting the extent to which having a classmate with an emotional disturbance (ED) is linked to kindergarteners' absences. Because having a classmate…
Descriptors: Special Education, Behavior Problems, Emotional Disturbances, Correlation
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Ansari, Arya – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (n = 11,000), this study examined the developmental outcomes of 5-year-old children in multigrade classrooms (combined prekindergarten and kindergarten classrooms serving 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds) compared with those of 5-year-olds attending kindergarten-only…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Multigraded Classes, Executive Function
York, Benjamin N. – Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2014
Teachers require knowledge of the unique skills that each child brings to the classroom in order to effectively target instruction towards students' learning needs. Despite substantial investments in programs aimed at enhancing teacher knowledge of individual students' skills (KISS), we know surprisingly little about how KISS is distributed or how…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
Morris, Pamela A.; Mattera, Shira K.; Maier, Michelle F. – MDRC, 2016
In the context of a persistent achievement lag among low-income children despite substantial investments in early education, policymakers and practitioners continue to seek ways to improve the quality of children's preschool experiences. The Making Pre-K Count study addresses whether strengthening prekindergarten (pre-K) instruction in math,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Curriculum, Coaching (Performance)
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Relying on a newly released national data set of kindergarten students from the 2010-2011 school year (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011), the findings suggest that having a greater percentage of same-needs classmates positively boosts both achievement and socioemotional outcomes among…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Student Diversity
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Han, Jisu; Schlieber, Marisa; Gregory, Bradley – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
This study used data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) 2009 4-year-old cohort to examine associations among family characteristics, home and classroom environments, and the emergent literacy skills of Head Start children. Results from hierarchical linear models suggest that both family and classroom contexts play a…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Vocabulary Development, Expressive Language
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Palacios, Natalia – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2017
This study uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort to examine the influence that teachers and classrooms have on children's short- and long-term reading achievement trajectories throughout the elementary school years. The analytic sample in the 1st grade is 16,604 children nested within 5,029 teachers, the 3rd-grade sample…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2018
Dynamic measurement modeling (DMM) has been shown to improve the consequential validity of longitudinal mathematics assessment in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database. Here, the authors demonstrate the capability of DMM to similarly improve the consequential validity of ECLS-K reading assessment through the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Alternative Assessment, Evaluation Methods
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Baker, Claire E. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study used a large sample of mostly non-resident fathers (74%) to determine whether father-school involvement (e.g. attending parent-teacher conferences) predicted better academic and social emotional skills after controlling for the influence of mother-school involvement, the quality of children's home learning environment, and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent School Relationship, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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