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Gottfried, Michael; Egalite, Anna; Kirksey, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
As special education inclusion policies become more widespread, classroom compositions are changing in ways that affect all students. The present study fills a critical gap in the literature by documenting the extent to which having a classmate with an emotional disturbance (ED) is linked to kindergarteners' absences. Because having a classmate…
Descriptors: Special Education, Behavior Problems, Emotional Disturbances, Correlation
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
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Milkie, Melissa A.; Warner, Catharine H. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2011
Sociological research focuses on how poverty, family, and neighborhood dynamics shape children's problems, but knowledge about how school is related to children's mental health is underdeveloped, despite its central presence in children's lives. Using a social structure and personality-stress contagion perspective, the authors use a nationally…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Health, Academic Standards, Social Structure
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Matthews, J. S.; Kizzie, Karmen T.; Rowley, Stephanie J.; Cortina, Kai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
In this study, the authors examined the racial and gender gap in the academic development of African American and White children from kindergarten to 5th grade. Their main goal was to determine the extent to which social and behavioral factors, including learning-related skills, problem behaviors, and interpersonal skills, explain these gaps and…
Descriptors: African American Students, Behavior Problems, At Risk Students, Males
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Hunter, Leah J.; Bierman, Karen L.; Hall, Cristin M. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: Head Start teachers completed brief rating scales measuring the social-emotional competence and approaches to learning of preschool children (total N = 164; 14% Hispanic American, 30% African American, 56% Caucasian; 56% girls). Head Start lead and assistant teacher ratings on both scales demonstrated strong internal consistency…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Social Development, Emotional Development, Early Intervention
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Lleras, Christy; McKillip, Mary – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
School moves are common during elementary school in the United States. The authors address whether changing schools and residences affects the academic and behavioral development of young students. Utilizing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, the regression analyses show that, after controlling for prior achievement and behavior,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Behavior, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement
Mahdavi, Seema – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Children with learning disabilities represent the largest category of students served within special education systems in schools, and are at increased risk for academic and psychosocial problems in comparison to peers without learning disabilities. While much of clinical practice and research focus has been on academic interventions,…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Depression (Psychology), Academic Achievement
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Teachers College Record, 2014
Background/Context: Researchers, policymakers, and practitioners undoubtedly concur that missing school deteriorates student outcomes. And yet, in evaluating the deleterious effects of missing in-school time, empirical research has almost exclusively focused on absences, and the scant amount of empirical literature on tardiness has focused on…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Hong, Guanglei; Corter, Carl; Hong, Yihua; Pelletier, Janette – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2012
This study challenges the belief that homogeneous ability grouping benefits high-ability students in cognitive and social-emotional development at the expense of their low-ability peers. From a developmental point of view, the authors hypothesize that homogeneous grouping may improve the learning behaviors and may benefit the literacy learning of…
Descriptors: Time on Task, Ability Grouping, Homogeneous Grouping, Kindergarten
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Morgan, Paul L.; Frisco, Michelle L.; Farkas, George; Hibel, Jacob – Journal of Special Education, 2017
Since the landmark enactment of Education of the Handicapped Act in 1975, special education supports and services have been provided to children with disabilities. Although costly, the intentionality of these specialized services has been to advance the educational and societal opportunities of children with disabilities as they progress to…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Kindergarten, Mathematics Skills, Special Education
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Mattison, Amira; Raffaele Mendez, Linda M.; Dedrick, Robert; Dickinson, Sarah; Wingate, Emily; Hanks, Camille – Psychology in the Schools, 2018
Our goals in this study were to examine (a) the degree to which teacher perceptions of children's behavior in kindergarten (averaged across fall and spring for each child) predict retention by Grade 5 and (b) whether these relationships are moderated by student race, gender, or socioeconomic status (SES). Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Kindergarten, Predictor Variables
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Crosnoe, Robert; Cooper, Carey E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
Working from a core perspective on the developmental implications of economic disadvantage, this study attempted to identify "family-based" mechanisms of economic effects on early learning and their potential "school-based" remedies. Multilevel analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Teacher Qualifications, Economically Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth
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Baker, Claire; Kuhn, Laura – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Structural equation models were used to examine pathways from maternal depression and early parenting to children's executive function (EF) and externalizing behaviours in the first nationally representative study to obtain direct assessments of children's kindergarten EF skills (i.e., the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Child Rearing, Children
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Despite the vast body of research examining the relationship between full-day kindergarten attendance and children's outcomes, little is known about the effects of full-day kindergarten on children with disabilities (i.e., students with 1 of the 13 categories of disabilities recognized under federal law). This study fills this research void by…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Schedules, Disabilities, Academic Achievement
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