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Sonnenschein, Susan; Galindo, Claudia – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This study used Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort data to examine influences of the home and classroom learning environments on kindergarten mathematics achievement of Black, Latino, and White children. Regardless of race/ethnicity, children who started kindergarten proficient in mathematics earned spring scores about 7-8…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Family Environment, Family Influence
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Palardy, Gregory J. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background: An enduring question about achievement gaps is, which aspects of schools contribute most? At the early grade levels, when children spend the vast majority of their school day in a single classroom with a single teacher, school inequities that correlate with achievement gaps likely originate within the classroom. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Context Effect, Teacher Effectiveness
Kang, Ho Soo – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Teacher professional development has long been of interest since it may affect teachers' learning, the practice of teaching, and student learning. Although empirical research has mainly explored the effect of specific professional development interventions on student achievement, these inventions have been initiated outside the school, and little…
Descriptors: Staff Meetings, Staff Development, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2018
Dynamic measurement modeling (DMM) has been shown to improve the consequential validity of longitudinal mathematics assessment in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database. Here, the authors demonstrate the capability of DMM to similarly improve the consequential validity of ECLS-K reading assessment through the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Alternative Assessment, Evaluation Methods
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Matthews, J. S.; Kizzie, Karmen T.; Rowley, Stephanie J.; Cortina, Kai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
In this study, the authors examined the racial and gender gap in the academic development of African American and White children from kindergarten to 5th grade. Their main goal was to determine the extent to which social and behavioral factors, including learning-related skills, problem behaviors, and interpersonal skills, explain these gaps and…
Descriptors: African American Students, Behavior Problems, At Risk Students, Males
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Youn, Minjong – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Teacher Responsibility
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Ottmar, Erin R.; Konold, Timothy R.; Berry, Robert Q.; Grissmer, David W.; Cameron, Claire E. – School Science and Mathematics, 2013
This study uses a large nationally representative data set (ECLS-K) of 5,181 students to examine the extent to which exposure to content and instructional practice contributes to mathematics achievement in fifth grade. Using hierarchical linear modeling, results suggest that more exposure to content beyond numbers and operations (i.e., geometry,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 5, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
Garrett, Rachel; Hong, Guanglei – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether small group instruction in kindergarten widens or closes the achievement gap in mathematics between EL students and non-EL students. The first objective is to examine whether the impacts of small group instruction on math learning differ between EL kindergartners and their non-EL peers. For…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, English Language Learners, Small Group Instruction
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2017
Single-timepoint educational measurement practices are capable of assessing student ability at the time of testing but are not designed to be informative of student capacity for developing in any particular academic domain, despite commonly being used in such a manner. For this reason, such measurement practice systematically underestimates the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Testing
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West, Jerry – AERA Open, 2017
The introduction to this Special Topic Collection has two parts. To provide background and context for the articles in the collection, Part 1 tells the story of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study program at the National Center for Education Statistics. It offers an abridged history of this program and describes the designs of the two national…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Kindergarten
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Betancur, Laura; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Schunn, Christian – International Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Background: In contrast to the extensive research on socioeconomic gaps in reading and math achievement, little attention has been given to socioeconomic disparities in science skills, particularly during the early years of schooling. This emphasis on later years may be problematic because large socioeconomic disparities emerge in the early years,…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Social Differences, Achievement Gap, Science Achievement
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Hardesty, Jacob; McWilliams, Jenna; Plucker, Jonathan A. – High Ability Studies, 2014
Every country--and even every community--has populations of students who severely underperform relative to other groups and to their own potential. These performance differences are generally called achievement gaps, and they tend to focus on gaps at basic levels of academic proficiency. But such gaps also exist among the highest levels of…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, High Achievement, Context Effect, Access to Computers
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North; McIntyre, Joe; Gomez, Celia J. – Educational Researcher, 2016
Early studies examining seasonal variation in academic achievement inequality generally concluded that socioeconomic test score gaps grew more over the summer than the school year, suggesting schools served as "equalizers." In this study, we analyze seasonal trends in socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic test score gaps using…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Scores
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