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Palardy, Gregory J. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background: An enduring question about achievement gaps is, which aspects of schools contribute most? At the early grade levels, when children spend the vast majority of their school day in a single classroom with a single teacher, school inequities that correlate with achievement gaps likely originate within the classroom. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Context Effect, Teacher Effectiveness
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Teachers College Record, 2014
Background/Context: Researchers, policymakers, and practitioners undoubtedly concur that missing school deteriorates student outcomes. And yet, in evaluating the deleterious effects of missing in-school time, empirical research has almost exclusively focused on absences, and the scant amount of empirical literature on tardiness has focused on…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Yeh, Stuart S. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context: Despite decades of research, the persistence of the gap in student achievement between disadvantaged minority students and their middle-class peers remains unexplained. Purpose/Objective: The purpose of the current article is to propose a new model of the achievement gap. Research Design: Data were analyzed from three…
Descriptors: Models, Achievement Gap, Disadvantaged, Minority Group Students
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Gee, Kevin A. – Teachers College Record, 2017
Background/Context: Chronic school absenteeism is a pervasive problem across the US; in early education, it is most rampant in kindergarten and its consequences are particularly detrimental, often leading to poorer academic, behavioral and developmental outcomes later in life. Though prior empirical research has identified a broad range of…
Descriptors: Attendance, Attendance Patterns, Incidence, Early Childhood Education
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Teachers College Record, 2017
Background/Context: Families have been increasingly utilizing center-based care both during prekindergarten as well as before/after school during kindergarten (CBC-K), and the literature has addressed the relative effectiveness of attending the former on early schooling outcomes. However, missing in the field is an analysis of the efficacy of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Disabilities, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Stone, Susan; Brown, Timothy T.; Hinshaw, Stephen P. – Teachers College Record, 2010
Background/Context: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) provide a test case through which to investigate psychosocial school compositional effects. Characterized by developmentally atypical levels of inattention, activity, and impulsivity, the condition often manifests itself, and is identified, in school settings and is…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
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Benson, James; Borman, Geoffrey – Teachers College Record, 2010
Background/Context: Seasonal researchers have developed a theory and hypotheses regarding the importance of neighborhood and school contexts for early childhood learning but have not possessed nationally representative data and precise contextual measures with which to examine their hypotheses. Purpose/Research Questions: This empirical study…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Literacy Education, Reading Achievement, Racial Composition
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Desimone, Laura; Long, Daniel A. – Teachers College Record, 2010
Background/Context: Although there is relative agreement on the pattern of the achievement gap, attributing changes in the gap to schooling is less clear. Our study contributes to understanding potential teacher and teaching effects on achievement and inequality. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: We intend our work to contribute…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement, Disadvantaged