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Sonnenschein, Susan; Galindo, Claudia – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This study used Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort data to examine influences of the home and classroom learning environments on kindergarten mathematics achievement of Black, Latino, and White children. Regardless of race/ethnicity, children who started kindergarten proficient in mathematics earned spring scores about 7-8…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Family Environment, Family Influence
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Jung, Eunjoo – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The author examined whether mathematics instruction provided by kindergarten teachers is related to children's mathematics learning during the kindergarten year based on the children's socioeconomic status and race. Hierarchical linear modeling was employed using a large sample of kindergarten students to estimate relationships between the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Preschool Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20¬†years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Harven, Aletha – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The authors explored how classroom gender composition moderated the relationship between having classmates with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) and peers' academic achievement in both kindergarten and Grade 1 classrooms. Given the behavioral and social-cognitive styles of girls, it was hypothesized that classrooms with a higher percentage…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Gender Issues, Peer Relationship, Emotional Disturbances
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Youn, Minjong – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Teacher Responsibility
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Lleras, Christy; McKillip, Mary – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
School moves are common during elementary school in the United States. The authors address whether changing schools and residences affects the academic and behavioral development of young students. Utilizing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, the regression analyses show that, after controlling for prior achievement and behavior,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Behavior, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement
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Catsambis, Sophia; Mulkey, Lynn M.; Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Steelman, Lala Carr; Koch, Pamela Ray – Journal of Educational Research, 2012
The authors analyzed the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) national data set to investigate gender differences in ability group placement in American kindergartens. They found that in kindergarten, within-class ability grouping was widely used for reading instruction, with boys being underrepresented in high-achieving…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Ability Grouping, Kindergarten, Socioeconomic Background
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Valle, Melisa S.; Waxman, Hersh C.; Diaz, Zulmaris; Padron, Yolanda N. – Journal of Educational Research, 2013
The authors, in a nonexperimental randomized study, used national data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) to examine present instructional practices for Grade 5 mathematics classrooms and its impact on achievement for White non-Hispanic non-English language learners (ELLs), Hispanic non-ELLs, and Hispanic…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Rickles, Jordan H. – Journal of Educational Research, 2013
Increased access to algebra was a focal point of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel's 2008 report on improving mathematics learning in the United States. Past research found positive effects for early access to algebra, but the focus on average effects may mask important variation across student subgroups. The author addresses whether these…
Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Grade 8, Middle School Students
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Judge, Sharon; Watson, Silvana M. R. – Journal of Educational Research, 2011
Using longitudinal data from the first 6 waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), the authors examined mathematics achievement and growth trajectories by learning disability (LD) subgroups. The 2-level (time-student) growth curve model showed that lower levels of mathematics achievement were already evident at…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Achievement, Identification, Kindergarten
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Palacios, Natalia; Kibler, Amanda – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The analysis of 21,409 participants of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort focused on home and school factors sought to understand the level of reading mastery that children experienced throughout elementary school and Grade 8 by relating home language use, timing of oral English language proficiency, and the provision of…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Oral Language
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Georges, Annie; Pallas, Aaron M. – Journal of Educational Research, 2010
The authors examined the relation of school-year teaching practices to SES and race/ethnic score gaps in mathematics by fitting an individual growth model with a representative sample drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort data. There were mixed findings. Teaching practices had uniform effects for all students,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Teaching Methods, Ethnicity, Scores
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Hong, Sehee; You, Sukkyung – Journal of Educational Research, 2012
Addressing the academic needs of a growing student population with culturally and linguistically diverse characteristics is one of the challenges facing educators. This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to test for differences in patterns of mathematics growth (e.g., high, middle, and low performance groups) in Latino…
Descriptors: Language of Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods
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McCoach, D. Betsy; O'Connell, Ann A.; Levitt, Heather – Journal of Educational Research, 2006
Regardless of individual differences at kindergarten entry, schools have a mission to promote reading achievement for all students. Within-class ability grouping is an instructional strategy that has received attention for its potential benefits to students. The authors assessed the effects of within-class ability grouping on kindergarten reading…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Kindergarten, Reading Achievement, Ability Grouping