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Cimpian, Joseph R.; Lubienski, Sarah T.; Timmer, Jennifer D.; Makowski, Martha B.; Miller, Emily K. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Studies using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K:1999) revealed gender gaps in mathematics achievement and teacher perceptions. However, recent evidence suggests that gender gaps have closed on state tests, raising the question of whether such gaps are absent in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort.…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Gender Differences
Ansari, Arya; Crosnoe, Robert – Grantee Submission, 2018
The transition into kindergarten often serves as the basis for long-term disparities in educational attainment because initially small differences in early learning widen throughout the K-12 educational system. Given the long-standing disparities in their academic achievement related to being of low socioeconomic status and a racial/ethnic…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, English Language Learners, School Readiness, Academic Achievement
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Morgan, Paul L.; Staff, Jeremy; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steven – Grantee Submission, 2013
Objective: Whether and to what extent racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis occur across early and middle childhood is currently unknown. We examined the over-time dynamics of race/ethnic disparities in diagnosis from kindergarten to eighth grade and disparities in treatment in fifth and eighth…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children
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Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2017
Private and public investments in early childhood education have expanded significantly in recent years. Despite this heightened investment, we have little empirical evidence on whether children today enter school with different skills than they did in the late nineties. Using two large, nationally representative datasets, this paper documents how…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Childhood Education, Literacy, Mathematics Skills