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Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Watts, Tyler; Farkas, George – Educational Researcher, 2016
Analyzing data from two nationally representative kindergarten cohorts, we examine the mathematics content teachers cover in kindergarten. We expand upon prior research, finding that kindergarten teachers report emphasizing basic mathematics content. Although teachers reported increased coverage of advanced content between the 1998-1999 and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Mathematics Achievement, Course Content, Cohort Analysis
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Dumas, Denis G.; McNeish, Daniel M. – Educational Researcher, 2017
Single-timepoint educational measurement practices are capable of assessing student ability at the time of testing but are not designed to be informative of student capacity for developing in any particular academic domain, despite commonly being used in such a manner. For this reason, such measurement practice systematically underestimates the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Testing
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North; McIntyre, Joe; Gomez, Celia J. – Educational Researcher, 2016
Early studies examining seasonal variation in academic achievement inequality generally concluded that socioeconomic test score gaps grew more over the summer than the school year, suggesting schools served as "equalizers." In this study, we analyze seasonal trends in socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic test score gaps using…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Scores
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Mattison, Richard; Maczuga, Steve; Li, Hui; Cook, Michael – Educational Researcher, 2015
We investigated whether minority children attending U.S. elementary and middle schools are disproportionately represented in special education. We did so using hazard modeling of multiyear longitudinal data and extensive covariate adjustment for potential child-, family-, and state-level confounds. Minority children were consistently less likely…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Disproportionate Representation, Special Education, Elementary School Students
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Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott – Educational Researcher, 2017
Private and public investments in early childhood education have expanded significantly in recent years. Despite this heightened investment, we have little empirical evidence on whether children today enter school with different skills than they did in the late nineties. Using two large, nationally representative data sets, this article documents…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Childhood Education, Literacy, Mathematics Skills
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Robinson, Joseph P. – Educational Researcher, 2010
Using a nationally representative sample of kindergarteners and first graders, this study asks if native-language test translations help English language learners (ELLs) demonstrate their mathematics skills. ELLs frequently encounter testing hurdles because they are not proficient in English, the predominant language of assessments. Low scores on…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Second Language Learning, Mathematics Skills, Grade 1