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Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott; Rorem, Anna – AERA Open, 2016
Recent accounts suggest that accountability pressures have trickled down into the early elementary grades and that kindergarten today is characterized by a heightened focus on academic skills and a reduction in opportunities for play. This paper compares public school kindergarten classrooms between 1998 and 2010 using two large, nationally…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Public Schools, Educational History, Preschool Teachers
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Cimpian, Joseph R.; Lubienski, Sarah T.; Timmer, Jennifer D.; Makowski, Martha B.; Miller, Emily K. – AERA Open, 2016
Studies using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K:1999) revealed gender gaps in mathematics achievement and teacher perceptions. However, recent evidence suggests that gender gaps have closed on state tests, raising the question of whether such gaps are absent in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort.…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Gender Differences
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West, Jerry – AERA Open, 2017
The introduction to this Special Topic Collection has two parts. To provide background and context for the articles in the collection, Part 1 tells the story of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study program at the National Center for Education Statistics. It offers an abridged history of this program and describes the designs of the two national…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Kindergarten
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Grissom, Jason A.; Redding, Christopher – AERA Open, 2016
Students of color are underrepresented in gifted programs relative to White students, but the reasons for this underrepresentation are poorly understood. We investigate the predictors of gifted assignment using nationally representative, longitudinal data on elementary students. We document that even among students with high standardized test…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, Academically Gifted, High Achievement
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Reardon, Sean F.; Portilla, Ximena A. – AERA Open, 2016
Academic achievement gaps between high- and low-income students born in the 1990s were much larger than between cohorts born two decades earlier. Racial/ethnic achievement gaps declined during the same period. To determine whether these two trends have continued in more recent cohorts, we examine trends in several dimensions of school readiness,…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Readiness, Achievement Gap, Low Income Students