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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
Ingels, Steven J. – 1993
Recent investigations of the extent to which students with disabilities are allowed to participate in major national data collections used in measurement-driven education reform suggest that 40 to 50 percent of students with disabilities are typically excluded from major assessments, although they are included to a greater degree in assessments…
Descriptors: Attrition (Research Studies), Disabilities, Educational Assessment, Educational Change