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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
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Unlu, Fatih; Layzer, Carolyn; Clements, Douglas; Sarama, Julie; Cook, David – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Many educational Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) collect baseline versions of outcome measures (pretests) to be used in the estimation of impacts at posttest. Although pretest measures are not necessary for unbiased impact estimates in well executed experimental studies, using them increases the precision of impact estimates and reduces sample…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Pretests Posttests, Curriculum Design
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Burchinal, Margaret; Howes, Carollee; Pianta, Robert; Bryant, Donna; Early, Diane; Clifford, Richard; Barbarin, Oscar – Applied Developmental Science, 2008
Publicly funded prekindergartens are programs that most states use to promote school readiness, especially of 4-year-old children at risk for academic problems due to poverty. Despite large public expenditures, these programs have not been widely evaluated. We examined 240 randomly selected pre-kindergarten programs in six states with mature…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers
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Monti, Jennifer D.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,312) were analyzed to examine whether the adverse effects of early insensitive parenting on children's academic functioning can be offset by parents' later involvement in children's education. Observations of mothers' early…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Parent Participation, Child Development, Child Rearing
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
"Saxon Elementary School Math," published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 5. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Elementary School Math" is its use of a distributed approach, as opposed to a chapter-based approach, for instruction and assessment. The program is built…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Instructional Effectiveness, Core Curriculum, Elementary School Mathematics
Cannon, Jill S.; Jacknowitz, Alison; Karoly, Lynn A. – Public Policy Institute of California, 2012
Many children begin school unprepared to meet its academic requirements. If this school readiness gap is not addressed, it can be a precursor to continuing low achievement. One promising approach to this problem is to provide high-quality early learning opportunities to low-income children. Many publicly funded early care and education programs in…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Children, Non English Speaking, Early Childhood Education
Rumberger, Russell W.; Anguiano, Brenda Arellano – University of California Linguistic Minority Research Institute, 2004
One of the most pressing problems in California is improving student academic performance, especially the state's burgeoning Latino student population. This study examined the extent of the achievement gap between Latino and White students over the first two years of elementary school and the characteristics of students and schools that contribute…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, White Students, Hispanic American Students