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Catterall, James S. – National Endowment for the Arts, 2012
This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. In several small-group studies, children and teenagers who participated in arts education programs have shown more positive academic and social outcomes in comparison to students who did not…
Descriptors: Art Education, Music Education, Dance Education, Theater Arts
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Carolan, Brian V.; Weiss, Christopher C.; Matthews, Jamaal S. – Youth & Society, 2015
There are few areas of school organization that reflect more dissatisfaction than how to structure the education of adolescents in the middle grades. This study uses multilevel models on nationally representative data provided by the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to investigate the relationship between schools' middle-level grade span and…
Descriptors: Models, Correlation, Middle School Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Three arguments regarding racial equity have arisen in the school choice debate. Choice advocates charge that choice will improve access to quality schools for disadvantaged minority students (Chubb & Moe 1990; Coons & Sugarman, 1978; Godwin & Kemerer, 2002; Viteritti, 1999). Critics argue that choice is unlikely to benefit minority…
Descriptors: School Choice, Magnet Schools, Equal Education, School Segregation
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Hall, Gordon Emmett; DiPerna, James Clyde – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
The present study used multiple regression analyses to examine the relationships between fifth-grade social skills and eighth-grade academic achievement. Data were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Results indicated no relationship between positive or negative social behavior in fifth grade…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Interpersonal Competence, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
Geronime, Lara K. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of the current study was to extend the research on number sense to the middle school level and to simultaneously consider socioemotional elements related to the construct at this developmental stage. Its genesis was initially rooted in an ongoing and dramatic emphasis by U.S. policymakers, researchers, and educators on improving…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Middle School Students, Numeracy, Social Influences
Taylor-Buckner, Nicole C. – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Mathematics education in the elementary schools has experienced many changes in recent decades. With the curriculum becoming more complex as a result of each modification, immense pressure has been put on schools to increase student proficiency. The Common Core State Standards is the latest example of this. These revisions to the mathematics…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Education
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Mattison, Richard; Maczuga, Steve; Li, Hui; Cook, Michael – Educational Researcher, 2015
We investigated whether minority children attending U.S. elementary and middle schools are disproportionately represented in special education. We did so using hazard modeling of multiyear longitudinal data and extensive covariate adjustment for potential child-, family-, and state-level confounds. Minority children were consistently less likely…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Disproportionate Representation, Special Education, Elementary School Students
Sun, Letao – ProQuest LLC, 2015
Transitioning from elementary school to middle school can be a difficult time for many adolescents. It is a period often correlated with a decline in students' academic achievement, perceptions of performance, potential, and value in schooling. Research has shown evidence that parents' involvement in their children's education significantly…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Science Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Lee, Jaekyung; Liu, Xiaoyan; Amo, Laura Casey; Wang, Weichun Leilani – Educational Policy, 2014
Drawing on national and state assessment datasets in reading and math, this study tested "external" versus "internal" standards-based education models. The goal was to understand whether and how student performance standards work in multilayered school systems under No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Under the…
Descriptors: State Standards, Academic Standards, Student Evaluation, Academic Achievement
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Palacios, Natalia; Kibler, Amanda – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The analysis of 21,409 participants of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort focused on home and school factors sought to understand the level of reading mastery that children experienced throughout elementary school and Grade 8 by relating home language use, timing of oral English language proficiency, and the provision of…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Oral Language
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Adult Education
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2012
The 2011 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 47th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Lee, Jaekyung; Finn, Jeremy; Liu, Xiaoyan – Online Submission, 2011
Through a synthesis of test publisher norms and national longitudinal datasets, this study provides new national norms of academic growth in K-12 reading and math that can be used to reinterpret conventional effect sizes in time units. We propose d' a time-indexed effect size metric to estimate how long it would take for an "untreated"…
Descriptors: Control Groups, National Norms, Effect Size, Mathematics Education