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Lippard, Christine N.; La Paro, Karen M.; Rouse, Heather L.; Crosby, Danielle A. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2018
Background: Children's early classroom experiences, particularly their interpersonal interactions with teachers, have implications for their academic achievement and classroom behavior. Teacher-child relationships and classroom interactions are both important aspects of children's early classroom experiences, but they are not typically considered…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children, Interaction
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Hohmann-Marriott, Bryndl – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2011
Children can benefit from involved fathers and cooperative parents, a benefit which may be particularly important to the growing population of children born to unmarried parents. This study observes father involvement and coparenting in 5,407 married and unmarried cohabiting couples with a 2-year-old child in the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Fathers, Longitudinal Studies, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence
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Jung, Eunjoo – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The author examined whether mathematics instruction provided by kindergarten teachers is related to children's mathematics learning during the kindergarten year based on the children's socioeconomic status and race. Hierarchical linear modeling was employed using a large sample of kindergarten students to estimate relationships between the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Preschool Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Clarke, Ben; Baker, Scott; Smolkowski, Keith; Doabler, Christian; Strand Cary, Mari; Fien, Hank – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
This study examined the efficacy of a core kindergarten mathematics program, Early Learning in Mathematics (ELM), a 120-lesson program with four content strands: (a) number operations, (b) geometry, (c) measurement, and (d) vocabulary. The study utilized a randomized block design, with 129 classrooms randomly assigned within schools to treatment…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Mathematics Instruction, Control Groups
Morris, Pamela A.; Mattera, Shira K.; Maier, Michelle F. – MDRC, 2016
In the context of a persistent achievement lag among low-income children despite substantial investments in early education, policymakers and practitioners continue to seek ways to improve the quality of children's preschool experiences. The Making Pre-K Count study addresses whether strengthening prekindergarten (pre-K) instruction in math,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Curriculum, Coaching (Performance)
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Ready, Douglas D.; Chu, Elizabeth M. – Early Education and Development, 2015
Previous research has established that student learning is influenced by how accurately teachers perceive student academic ability. But studies rarely investigate the degree to which inaccuracies in teacher perceptions exacerbate demographic inequality in academic ability. Using a sample of almost 14,000 children from the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, Teacher Attitudes, Academic Ability
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Han, Jisu; Schlieber, Marisa; Gregory, Bradley – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
This study used data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) 2009 4-year-old cohort to examine associations among family characteristics, home and classroom environments, and the emergent literacy skills of Head Start children. Results from hierarchical linear models suggest that both family and classroom contexts play a…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Vocabulary Development, Expressive Language
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Iruka, Iheoma U.; Forry, Nicole D. – Journal of Education, 2018
Patterns of quality among approximately 1,400 center classrooms and 350 family child care homes based on measures of global quality, sensitive caregiving, and frequency of language/literacy and math/numeracy activities were examined. Four patterns of quality were identified. Provider education was predictive of higher quality care in both centers…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Educational Quality, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D.; Dubasik, Virginia L.; Moss DiDonato, Alicia – Educational Research, 2017
Background: Preschool teacher's instructional practices are one component of high-quality early education classrooms that have the potential to directly influence young children's school readiness and success; therefore, the type and quality of instructional practices used by preschool teachers should be explored. Purpose: The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Educational Practices, Emotional Development, Socialization
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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Lleras, Christy; McKillip, Mary – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
School moves are common during elementary school in the United States. The authors address whether changing schools and residences affects the academic and behavioral development of young students. Utilizing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, the regression analyses show that, after controlling for prior achievement and behavior,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Behavior, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement
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Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott; Rorem, Anna – AERA Open, 2016
Recent accounts suggest that accountability pressures have trickled down into the early elementary grades and that kindergarten today is characterized by a heightened focus on academic skills and a reduction in opportunities for play. This paper compares public school kindergarten classrooms between 1998 and 2010 using two large, nationally…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Public Schools, Educational History, Preschool Teachers
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Weber-Mayrer, Melissa M.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Yeager Pelatti, Christina – Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 2015
Professional development (PD) for early childhood educators has received increased attention as a means of bolstering young children's learning and development. Theory and research indicate that educators' characteristics play roles in both their own learning and that of children; however, little research has explored who participates in PD. This…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, State Programs, Faculty Development, Preschool Teachers
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