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Showing 1 to 15 of 24 results Save | Export
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Keller, Bryan; Tipton, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2016
In this article, we review four software packages for implementing propensity score analysis in R: "Matching, MatchIt, PSAgraphics," and "twang." After briefly discussing essential elements for propensity score analysis, we apply each package to a data set from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study in order to estimate the…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Sun, Shuyan; Pan, Wei – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2014
As applications of multilevel modelling in educational research increase, researchers realize that multilevel data collected in many educational settings are often not purely nested. The most common multilevel non-nested data structure is one that involves student mobility in longitudinal studies. This article provides a methodological review of…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Research
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Palacios, Natalia – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2017
This study uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort to examine the influence that teachers and classrooms have on children's short- and long-term reading achievement trajectories throughout the elementary school years. The analytic sample in the 1st grade is 16,604 children nested within 5,029 teachers, the 3rd-grade sample…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys
Catterall, James S. – National Endowment for the Arts, 2012
This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. In several small-group studies, children and teenagers who participated in arts education programs have shown more positive academic and social outcomes in comparison to students who did not…
Descriptors: Art Education, Music Education, Dance Education, Theater Arts
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Carolan, Brian V.; Weiss, Christopher C.; Matthews, Jamaal S. – Youth & Society, 2015
There are few areas of school organization that reflect more dissatisfaction than how to structure the education of adolescents in the middle grades. This study uses multilevel models on nationally representative data provided by the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to investigate the relationship between schools' middle-level grade span and…
Descriptors: Models, Correlation, Middle School Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
We analyzed two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets of U.S. children to identify risk factors for persistent mathematics difficulties (PMD). Results indicated that children from low socioeconomic households are at elevated risk of PMD at 48 and 60 months of age, as are children with cognitive delays, identified developmental delays…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Three arguments regarding racial equity have arisen in the school choice debate. Choice advocates charge that choice will improve access to quality schools for disadvantaged minority students (Chubb & Moe 1990; Coons & Sugarman, 1978; Godwin & Kemerer, 2002; Viteritti, 1999). Critics argue that choice is unlikely to benefit minority…
Descriptors: School Choice, Magnet Schools, Equal Education, School Segregation
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Grissom, Jason A.; Redding, Christopher – AERA Open, 2016
Students of color are underrepresented in gifted programs relative to White students, but the reasons for this underrepresentation are poorly understood. We investigate the predictors of gifted assignment using nationally representative, longitudinal data on elementary students. We document that even among students with high standardized test…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, Academically Gifted, High Achievement
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Hall, Gordon Emmett; DiPerna, James Clyde – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
The present study used multiple regression analyses to examine the relationships between fifth-grade social skills and eighth-grade academic achievement. Data were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Results indicated no relationship between positive or negative social behavior in fifth grade…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Interpersonal Competence, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
Reynolds, Cathleen Carolyn – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Given the importance of federal legislation in combating educational inequities, particularly those in reading development, the identification of specific school-based variables that contribute to reading proficiency for struggling readers is paramount. While federal education policy, such as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 (2002)…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Learner Engagement, Reading Strategies, Reading Difficulties
Geronime, Lara K. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of the current study was to extend the research on number sense to the middle school level and to simultaneously consider socioemotional elements related to the construct at this developmental stage. Its genesis was initially rooted in an ongoing and dramatic emphasis by U.S. policymakers, researchers, and educators on improving…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Middle School Students, Numeracy, Social Influences
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Bitler, Marianne P.; Corcoran, Sean P.; Domina, Thurston; Penner, Emily K. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
The growing availability of data linking students to classroom teachers has made it possible to estimate the contribution teachers make to student achievement. While there is a growing consensus that teacher quality is important and current evaluation systems are inadequate, many have expressed concerns over the use of value-added measures (VAMs)…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Value Added Models, Teacher Influence, Teacher Effectiveness
Taylor-Buckner, Nicole C. – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Mathematics education in the elementary schools has experienced many changes in recent decades. With the curriculum becoming more complex as a result of each modification, immense pressure has been put on schools to increase student proficiency. The Common Core State Standards is the latest example of this. These revisions to the mathematics…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Education
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