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Keller, Bryan; Tipton, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2016
In this article, we review four software packages for implementing propensity score analysis in R: "Matching, MatchIt, PSAgraphics," and "twang." After briefly discussing essential elements for propensity score analysis, we apply each package to a data set from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study in order to estimate the…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Lippard, Christine N.; La Paro, Karen M.; Rouse, Heather L.; Crosby, Danielle A. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2018
Background: Children's early classroom experiences, particularly their interpersonal interactions with teachers, have implications for their academic achievement and classroom behavior. Teacher-child relationships and classroom interactions are both important aspects of children's early classroom experiences, but they are not typically considered…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children, Interaction
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Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.; Barofsky, Meryl Y.; List, Alexandra – Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 2015
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (ECLS-K, 98), a nationally representative sample of kindergarteners in the United States, we investigated the relationship between approaches to learning and spring reading achievement with particular emphasis on classroom and school-level differences. We employed…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Correlation, Learning Strategies
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Youn, Minjong – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
This study employed the concept of teachers' sense of responsibility for students' learning to examine the extent to which the gap in math learning growth is reduced and whether such attitudes can improve children's learning outcomes to a degree that is above and beyond their expected achievement relative to their initial academic skills. Analysis…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Teacher Attitudes, Outcomes of Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Sonnenschein, Susan; Galindo, Claudia – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This study used Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort data to examine influences of the home and classroom learning environments on kindergarten mathematics achievement of Black, Latino, and White children. Regardless of race/ethnicity, children who started kindergarten proficient in mathematics earned spring scores about 7-8…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Family Environment, Family Influence
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Gottfried, Michael; Egalite, Anna; Kirksey, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
As special education inclusion policies become more widespread, classroom compositions are changing in ways that affect all students. The present study fills a critical gap in the literature by documenting the extent to which having a classmate with an emotional disturbance (ED) is linked to kindergarteners' absences. Because having a classmate…
Descriptors: Special Education, Behavior Problems, Emotional Disturbances, Correlation
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Ansari, Arya – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (n = 11,000), this study examined the developmental outcomes of 5-year-old children in multigrade classrooms (combined prekindergarten and kindergarten classrooms serving 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds) compared with those of 5-year-olds attending kindergarten-only…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Multigraded Classes, Executive Function
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
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Clarke, Ben; Baker, Scott; Smolkowski, Keith; Doabler, Christian; Strand Cary, Mari; Fien, Hank – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
This study examined the efficacy of a core kindergarten mathematics program, Early Learning in Mathematics (ELM), a 120-lesson program with four content strands: (a) number operations, (b) geometry, (c) measurement, and (d) vocabulary. The study utilized a randomized block design, with 129 classrooms randomly assigned within schools to treatment…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Mathematics Instruction, Control Groups
Morris, Pamela A.; Mattera, Shira K.; Maier, Michelle F. – MDRC, 2016
In the context of a persistent achievement lag among low-income children despite substantial investments in early education, policymakers and practitioners continue to seek ways to improve the quality of children's preschool experiences. The Making Pre-K Count study addresses whether strengthening prekindergarten (pre-K) instruction in math,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Curriculum, Coaching (Performance)
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Palardy, Gregory J. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background: An enduring question about achievement gaps is, which aspects of schools contribute most? At the early grade levels, when children spend the vast majority of their school day in a single classroom with a single teacher, school inequities that correlate with achievement gaps likely originate within the classroom. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Context Effect, Teacher Effectiveness
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Relying on a newly released national data set of kindergarten students from the 2010-2011 school year (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011), the findings suggest that having a greater percentage of same-needs classmates positively boosts both achievement and socioemotional outcomes among…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Student Diversity
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Benner, Aprile D.; Yan, Ni – Applied Developmental Science, 2015
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (N = 13,970), we examined whether two aspects of school-family connections, parental involvement and communication quality, accounted for the association between classroom composition and children's academic and socioemotional functioning following the transition to…
Descriptors: Family School Relationship, Parent Participation, School Readiness, Communication Skills
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