ERIC Number: EJ1163406
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
A Talent for Tinkering: Developing Talents in Children from Low-Income Households through Engineering Curriculum
Robinson, Ann; Adelson, Jill L.; Kidd, Kristy A.; Cunningham, Christine M.
Gifted Child Quarterly, v62 n1 p130-144 Jan 2018
Guided by the theoretical framework of curriculum as a platform for talent development, this quasi-experimental field study investigated an intervention focused on engineering curriculum and curriculum based on a biography of a scientist through a comparative design implemented in low-income schools. Student outcome measures included science content achievement, engineering knowledge, and engineering engagement. The sample comprised 1,387 Grade 1 students across 62 classrooms. Multilevel modeling was used separately for each of the three student outcome measures. The intervention resulted in an effect size of 0.28 on an out-of-level science content assessment and effect size of 0.66 for the engineering knowledge measure. Students in the intervention group reported a high level of engineering engagement. General education teachers were trained to implement the curricula through a summer institute and received coaching throughout the subsequent academic year. Evidence suggests the intervention functioned as a talent-spotting tool as teachers reported they would nominate a substantial portion of low-income and culturally diverse students for subsequent gifted and talented services. Discussion focused on the match between the needs and preferences of students from low-income households for hands-on design experiences and the curricular affordances in the engineering domain as a talent development pathway for young, poor children.
Descriptors: Talent Development, Low Income Groups, Engineering Education, Quasiexperimental Design, Scientists, Biographies, Science Achievement, Knowledge Level, Learner Engagement, Grade 1, Intervention, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Effect Size, Summer Programs, Academically Gifted, Pretests Posttests, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, STEM Education, Minority Group Students, Faculty Development, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Measures (Individuals), Science Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: S206A14000616