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Showing 1 to 15 of 32 results Save | Export
Troutner, Joanne – 1991
This paper establishes the roots of computers and automated teaching in the field of psychology and describes Dr. S. L. Pressey's presentation of the teaching machine; B. F. Skinner's teaching machine; Meyer's steps in composing a program for the automated teaching machine; IBM's beginning research on automated courses and the development of the…
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Simulation, Computer Software Development
Zuckerman, Carl B.; And Others – 1961
An experiment was designed to compare the value of the Skinner Teaching Machine with more traditional teaching methods and to compare various means of presenting material via the teaching machine. Material from the United States Navy Basic Electricity course was programed into three series of items: one completion, one multiple choice, and one…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Electronic Technicians, Media Research, Military Training
Casas, Martha – 2002
B.F. Skinner applied his concept of operant conditioning to education. Skinner believed that people acted the way they did because they had been reinforced for behaving in a certain manner. His orientation to pedagogy was predicated upon the notion that a student's behavior could be modified by guiding the student through the learning process…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Keller, Fred S. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1990
A close friend and colleague of Burrhus Frederic Skinner comments on obituaries of Skinner published in major newspapers and expresses his gratefulness for Skinner's contributions to the field of behavioral psychology, including his writing of "The Behavior of Organisms" and development of teaching machines and programed instruction.…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Behavior Theories, Behavioral Science Research
Eckstrand, Gordon A.; And Others – 1960
To provide an overview of the possible impact of teaching machines on military training, several strategies were pursued: (1) several teaching machines were described; (2) the techniques of Pressey, Skinner, Crowder, and Pask were examined; (3) relevant research projects were reviewed; (4) appropriate military uses were suggested; and (5) methods…
Descriptors: Information Dissemination, Literature Reviews, Military Training, Programed Instruction
Hunt, Darwin P. – 1984
The use of systems theory as a conceptual framework is proposed as useful when considering computers as a machine component in teaching. Skinner's proposal that the label "computer" is inaccurate and counterproductive when used to refer to a machine being used for teaching is discussed. It is suggested that the alternative label…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Assisted Testing, Computers, Models
Collis, Betty; Muir, Walter – 1984
The first of four major sections in this report presents an overview of the background and evolution of computer applications to learning and teaching. It begins with the early attempts toward "automated teaching" of the 1920s, and the "teaching machines" of B. F. Skinner of the 1940s through the 1960s. It then traces the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Literacy, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education
DAY, WILLARD F. – 1964
SKINNER'S VIEWS ON THE NATURE OF THINKING WERE DESCRIBED IN NONTECHNICAL LANGUAGE. THIS LAYMAN'S INTRODUCTION TO SKINNER'S POSITION ON THE NATURE OF THINKING WAS INTENDED FOR USE BY PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AND PRACTICING SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MACHINE PROGRAM TO TEACH COLLEGE STUDENTS THE BEHAVIORS INVOLVED IN THINKING AND…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Inservice Teacher Education, Problem Solving
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
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Papert, Seymour – Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education (CITE Journal), 2005
The phrase "technology and education" usually means inventing new gadgets to teach the same old stuff in a thinly disguised version of the same old way. Moreover, if the gadgets are computers, the same old teaching becomes incredibly more expensive and biased towards its dullest parts, namely the kind of rote learning in which measurable…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Teaching Methods, Technology Uses in Education, Programming Languages
Harmon, Francis L. – 1962
From a review of relevant literature and conference reports, guidelines were prepared for assessing the value of automated instructional materials. Major points included: (1) a definition of automated instruction; (2) a comparison of Skinner and Crowder methods; (3) benefits of automation; (4) general sources of automated materials; (5) benefits…
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Evaluation Criteria, Guidelines, Programed Instruction
EPSTEIN, SAM; EPSTEIN, BERYL
THE FIRST TEACHING MACHINE WAS INVENTED IN THE 1920'S BY SIDNEY L. PRESSEY AND THE FIRST MODERN TEACHING MACHINE WAS DEVELOPED AND POPULARIZED IN THE EARLY 1930'S BY B.F. SKINNER. TODAY BUSINESSMEN AND INDUSTRIALISTS AS WELL AS EDUCATORS HAVE FOUND TEACHING MACHINES USEFUL. ACTUALLY, TEACHING IS ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH THE PROGRAM, A CAREFULLY…
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Classroom Environment, Educational History, Educational Media
LUMSDAINE, A.A., ED.; GLASER, ROBERT, ED. – 1960
BROUGHT TOGETHER HERE IS THE WIDELY-SCATTERED LITERATURE ON SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS AND DEVICES BY LEADERS, PAST AND PRESENT, IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT. S.L. PRESSEY IN HIS ARTICLES DESCRIBES THE APPARATUS, METHODS, THEORY, AND RESULTS ATTENDANT UPON USE OF HIS TEST-SCORING DEVICES. B.F. SKINNER IN HIS ARTICLES DEVELOPS THEORY, DESCRIBES MACHINES,…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Educational Technology, Educational Testing, Language Programs
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Niemiec, Richard P.; Walberg, Herbert J. – Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 1989
Examines the history of computer-based education within the context of psychological theorists of instruction, including Pressey, Thorndike, Skinner, and Crowder. Topics discussed include computer-managed instruction; computer-assisted instruction; the Computer Curriculum Corporation; PLATO; TICCIT; microcomputers; effects on students; and cost…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Managed Instruction, Cost Effectiveness, Educational History
Kindred, J. – 1966
The report contains a description and summary of computer augmented learning devices and systems. The devices are of two general types programed instruction systems based on the teaching machines pioneered by Pressey and developed by Skinner, and the so-called "docile" systems that permit greater user-direction with the computer under student…
Descriptors: Branching, Computer Assisted Instruction, Learning Theories, Programed Instruction
KOPSTEIN, FELIX F.; SHILLESTAD, ISABEL J. – 1961
THE STATE OF THE ART OF AUTOINSTRUCTION AND TEACHING DEVICES IS SUMMARIZED, AND INSTRUCTIONAL DEVICES DEVELOPED THROUGH APRIL 1961 ARE CATALOGED WITH THE AIM OF SUGGESTING POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS TO LOCAL TRAINING OR EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS. IN THE FIRST SECTION, AN OVERVIEW OF AUTOINSTRUCTION IS PRESENTED. THE INSTRUCTIONAL PRESENTATION IS AIMED AT…
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Digital Computers, Educational Technology, Teaching Machines
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