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Philbrook, Lauren E.; Erath, Stephen A.; Hinnant, J. Benjamin; El-Sheikh, Mona – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The present study investigates how coordination between stress responsivity of the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) moderates the prospective effects of marital conflict on internalizing and externalizing symptoms across adolescence. Although an important avenue for psychophysiological research concerns how…
Descriptors: Marital Instability, Conflict, Adolescents, Stress Variables
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Marin, Ioana; Kipnis, Jonathan – Learning & Memory, 2013
The nervous system and the immune system are two main regulators of homeostasis in the body. Communication between them ensures normal functioning of the organism. Immune cells and molecules are required for sculpting the circuitry and determining the activity of the nervous system. Within the parenchyma of the central nervous system (CNS),…
Descriptors: Learning, Memory, Human Body, Biochemistry
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Giuliano, Ryan J.; Karns, Christina M.; Roos, Leslie E.; Bell, Theodore A.; Petersen, Seth; Skowron, Elizabeth A.; Neville, Helen J.; Pakulak, Eric – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Multiple theoretical frameworks posit that interactions between the autonomic nervous system and higher-order neural networks are crucial for cognitive regulation. However, few studies have simultaneously examined autonomic physiology and brain activity during cognitive tasks. Such research is promising for understanding how early adversity…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Physiology, Brain, Attention
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Breslend, Nicole Lafko; Shoulberg, Erin K.; Wagner, Caitlin; Murray-Close, Dianna; Holterman, Leigh Ann – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine if autonomic nervous system reactivity moderated the association between relational victimization and two established outcomes of peer maltreatment, anxious/depressive symptoms and anxious rejection sensitivity. A total of 119 female (M[subscript age] = 12.47, SD[subscript age] = 1.96)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Victims, Stress Variables, Physiology
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McKernan, Charlotte J.; Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although negative interparental conflict predicts elevated externalizing problems for children, there are individual differences in this association. Theoretically, children's abilities to coordinate physiological stress across response systems moderate the effects of interparental conflict on developmental outcomes. Past cross-sectional research…
Descriptors: Psychophysiology, Parent Influence, Conflict, Interpersonal Relationship
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Busuito, Alex; Quigley, Kelsey M.; Moore, Ginger A.; Voegtline, Kristin M.; DiPietro, Janet A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Infant-mother behavioral synchrony is thought to scaffold the development of self-regulation in the first years of life. During this time, infants' and mothers' physiological regulation may contribute to dyadic synchrony and, in infants, dyadic synchrony may support infants' physiological regulation. Because the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Infants, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Thorne, John C. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine (a) whether increased grammatical error rates during a standardized narrative task are a more clinically useful marker of central nervous system abnormality in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) than common measures of productivity or grammatical complexity and (b) whether combining the rate…
Descriptors: Error Analysis (Language), Error Patterns, Grammar, Neurological Impairments
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Chen, Su-Ru; Chiu, Hung-Wen; Lee, Yann-Jinn; Sheen, Tzong-Chi; Jeng, Chii – Journal of School Nursing, 2012
Child obesity is frequently associated with dysfunction of autonomic nervous system. Children in pubertal development were suggested to be vulnerable to autonomic nervous system problems such as decrease of heart rate variability from dysregulation of metabolic control. This study explored the influence of pubertal development on autonomic nervous…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Puberty, Anatomy, Foreign Countries
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Abaied, Jamie L.; Stanger, Sarah B.; Wagner, Caitlin; Sanders, Wesley; Dyer, W. Justin; Padilla-Walker, Laura – Developmental Psychology, 2018
A burgeoning literature supports the role of autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning as an index of physiologic sensitivity to the environment, but extant research is limited in its focus on single branches of the ANS, childhood samples, and solely negative environmental factors. This study seeks to address these limitations by exploring…
Descriptors: Physiology, Psychophysiology, Mothers, Emotional Adjustment
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Miller, Jonas G.; Kahle, Sarah; Lopez, Monica; Hastings, Paul D. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
The links among mothers' compassionate love for their child, autonomic nervous system activity, and parenting behavior during less and more challenging mother-child interactions were examined. Mothers expressed and reported less negative affect when they exhibited autonomic patterns of increased parasympathetic dominance (high parasympathetic…
Descriptors: Mothers, Affective Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Neurology
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Dal, Nihal; Tok, Serdar; Dogan, Erman; Balikçi, Ilker; Zekioglu, Aylin; Çatikkas, Fatih – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2018
In the present study we aimed to examine the relationship between competitive anxiety, autonomic nervous system activity represented by Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and respiration, and performance in novice archers. We also interested in whether neuroticism may be a factor with a potential to moderate the link among anxiety, autonomic activity…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Personality Traits, Physiology, Accuracy
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Fenning, Rachel M.; Baker, Jason K.; Baucom, Brian R.; Erath, Stephen A.; Howland, Mariann A.; Moffitt, Jacquelyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Associations between variability in sympathetic nervous system arousal and individual differences in symptom severity were examined for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirty-four families participated in a laboratory visit that included continuous measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) during a battery of naturalistic and…
Descriptors: Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Parent Child Relationship
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Altaf, Muhammad A.; Sood, Manu R. – Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 2008
The enteric nervous system is an integrative brain with collection of neurons in the gastrointestinal tract which is capable of functioning independently of the central nervous system (CNS). The enteric nervous system modulates motility, secretions, microcirculation, immune and inflammatory responses of the gastrointestinal tract. Dysphagia,…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Physiology, Anatomy, Brain
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Rodriguez, Vanessa – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
The teaching brain is a new concept that mirrors the complex, dynamic, and context-dependent nature of the learning brain. In this article, I use the structure of the human nervous system and its sensing, processing, and responding components as a framework for a re-conceptualized teaching system. This teaching system is capable of responses on an…
Descriptors: Neuropsychology, Teaching Methods, Learning Experience, Teaching Experience
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Judge, Sarah; Delgaty, Laura; Broughton, Mark; Dyter, Laura; Grimes, Callum; Metcalf, James; Nicholson, Rose; Pennock, Erin; Jankowski, Karl – Journal of Biological Education, 2017
A team of six children (13-14 years old) developed and conducted an experiment to assess the behaviour of the planarian flatworm, an invertebrate animal model, before, during and after exposure to chemicals. The aim of the project was to engage children in pharmacology and toxicology research. First, the concept that exposure to chemicals can…
Descriptors: Science Experiments, Pharmacology, Toxicology, Scientific Research
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